Expressed as odds ratio and its 95% confidence interval. value. Group A: dogs with no evidence of renal disease based on the IRIS staging for CKD  after six months of diagnosis of leishmaniosis. Group B: dogs with CKD classified as IRIS stage 1 to stage 3 and dogs euthanized or dead due to renal disease after six months of diagnosis of leishmaniosis. : significance level (Mann–Whitney test). UPC: urinary protein/creatinine ratio.