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Veterinary Medicine International
Volume 2018, Article ID 8515812, 7 pages
Research Article

Chicken Coccidiosis in Central Java, Indonesia: A Recent Update

1Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
2Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
3Indonesian Research Center for Veterinary Sciences, Bogor, Indonesia
4Department of Animal Science, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia
5Institute of Parasitology, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Giessen, Germany

Correspondence should be addressed to Penny Humaidah Hamid;

Received 10 November 2017; Revised 29 December 2017; Accepted 11 January 2018; Published 8 February 2018

Academic Editor: Francesca Mancianti

Copyright © 2018 Penny Humaidah Hamid et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Avian coccidiosis is a huge problem worldwide. Heavily infected animals that show severe clinical signs and coccidiostat resistance are causing important economic losses. The present study aimed to update the recent cases of coccidiosis in Central Java, Indonesia, and to show the importance of the disease in the region. A total of 699 samples were obtained from different chicken breed. Different Eimeria species were detected in 175 individuals (25.04%). Three different groups of chicken breed were considered: local chicken (autochthonous chickens of Sentul and Jawa), commercial broiler, and layer. Broiler chickens showed the highest prevalence of infection (34%), followed by layer (26.26%) and local chickens (10.45%). Mild to severe clinical signs of avian coccidiosis were observed in 42% of the infected animals, while 58% of the infected animals showed no clinical signs other than low feed conversion rates. Seven different Eimeria species were identified: E. tenella was the most prevalent (43.3%), followed by E. maxima (26.3%), E. necatrix (15.7%), E. acervulina (8%), E. praecox (3.1%), E. mitis (2.2%), and E. brunetti (1.3%). Coinfections with several Eimeria species were diagnosed. With this study we found massive usage of coccidiostat in the region even though its usage cannot guarantee coccidiosis-free chicken production.