Table 1: Univariate analysis of associated risk factors with fetal death in 439 pregnant goats using chi-square test.

Risk factorsNo. examinedNo. positive%χ2dfP value

Season of the year
Winter180126.7
Dry summer1151513.044.8732.087
Wet summer14496.3
Locality
Khartoum841011.9
Um-Badah46510.9
Bahri4736.384.3985.494
Sharq El Nile126107.94
Karari1216 5.00
Um-Durman15213.3
Breed of the dam
Saanen2733011.0
Saanen crosses7633.947.1473.067
Damascus4412.27
Local breed4025.0
Age of the dam
0.5-2 year185115.94
> 2-4 years1481510.132.56620.277
> 4-6 years34411.76
Parity number
Nulliparous11986.72
Primiparous5323.773.02420.221
Multiparous2432510.28
Breed of buck
Saanen321299.03
Damascus3326.060.56020.756
Local breed1815.55
Feeding type
Roughages800.000.72810.394
mixed431368.35

df = degree of freedom, χ2 = chi square, P value = probability value
numbers less than the total (439) is due to unavailable data.