PoSiF: A Transient Content Caching and Replacement Scheme for ICN-IoTRead the full article
Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing provides the R&D communities working in academia and the telecommunications and networking industries with a forum for sharing research and ideas in this fast moving field.
Chief Editor Dr Cai is an Associate Professor in the Department of Computer Science at Georgia State University, USA and an Associate Director at INSPIRE Center.
Latest ArticlesMore articles
Two-Round Selection-Based Bit Flipping Decoding Algorithm for LDPC Codes
This paper presents a novel iterative reliability-based bit flipping (BF) algorithm for decoding low-density parity-check codes. The new decoder is a single BF algorithm called two-round selection -based bit flipping. It introduces the idea of a two-round selection of the flipped bit, based successively on hard and soft received channel values. In the first stage, a set of unreliable bits is identified, and then a second selection is used, to pick out among them the bit to flip. In the second round of selection, the initial belief about received signals, contributes efficiently to selecting the best candidate bit. We demonstrate through simulations over the binary-input additive white Gaussian noise channel and the Rayleigh fading channel that the proposed algorithm exhibits better decoding performance when compared with some well-known soft decision BF algorithms. A complexity analysis of the proposal and a comparison to other BF decoders are also presented.
Gain of Spatial Diversity with Conjoint Signals in Arbitrarily Correlated Rayleigh Fading Channels
Coding gains for arbitrarily correlated signals in a spatial diversity system with conjoint signals are presented in this study. The basic form of the proposed signal synthesizer evenly produces phase changes in the output signals. The mixer is an orthogonal transformation matrix, which is energy preserving and blind to the channel correlation matrix. The idea is to synthesize additional conjoint signal copies from the received signals that would be received if there were more antennas. However, these conjoint signals contain a level of correlation with the received signals. With the assumption of flat Rayleigh fading channels, simulation results for symbol error probability (SEP) are presented for different numbers of receive branches and varying correlation conditions. It is shown that under binary phase shift keying (BPSK), the synthesizer achieves decorrelation coding gains of about 1 dB when selection combining (SC) or equal gain combining (EGC) is used. The synthesizer’s performance across M-ary quadrature amplitude modulation (MQAM) signals is also tested. In addition, analytical frameworks are derived for BPSK and MQAM, which are tightly bound by the Monte Carlo simulation results obtained using Matlab. The correlation analysis is performed for different numbers of antennas and varied antenna spacings.
Over-the-Air Computation with Quantized CSI and Discrete Power Control Levels
In this paper, an Over-the-Air Computation (AirComp) scheme for fast data aggregation is considered. Multisource data are simultaneously transmitted by single-antenna mobile devices to a single-antenna fusion center (FC) through a wireless multiple-access channel. The optimal power levels at the devices and a postprocessing scaling function at the FC are jointly derived such that mean square error of the computation is minimized. Different than the existing approaches that rely on perfect channel state information (CSI) at the FC and assume that the devices’ optimal power levels can be selected from an infinite solution set, in the present paper, it is assumed that only quantized CSI is available at the FC and that the aforementioned optimal power levels lie in a finite discrete set of solutions. To derive the optimal power levels and FC’s scaling factor, a difficult nonconvex constrained optimization problem is formulated. An efficient and robust solution to quantization errors is developed via the deep reinforcement learning framework. Numerical results verify the good performance of the proposed approach while it exhibits a significant reduction in the required feedback.
An Enhanced Ant Colony Algorithm-Based Low-Carbon Distribution Control Method for Logistics Leveraging Internet of Things (IoT)
This paper presents a low-carbon vehicle routing optimization model to reduce energy consumption and carbon emissions in logistics and distribution. The model is solved using a hybrid algorithm of simulated annealing and ant colony optimization. It enhances the information pheromone concentration update process and directionality by introducing a carbon emission factor and a multifactor operator. Additionally, an adaptive elite individual reproduction strategy is employed to improve algorithm efficiency. In this case study focusing on cold chain logistics distribution, both the model and algorithm under consideration were evaluated. The findings affirm the effectiveness of the model in reducing carbon emissions and demonstrate the efficiency and robustness of the algorithm. Through this analysis, the paper sheds light on environmentally sustainable practices in logistics distribution.
Dual Antenna-Based Line Crossing Detection with UHF RFID
Line crossing detection is to check whether people or objects go across a given barrier line, which is quite common and important in our daily life, such as the electronic article surveillance (EAS) checkpoint in a retail store or the finish line in track and field. Although existing solutions to line crossing detection have achieved great advancement, they do not function well when multiple objects or people cross the line at the same time. In this paper, we propose a new radio frequency identification (RFID)-based solution called RF-Line to line crossing detection, especially for multiobject scenarios. The biggest challenge is that the RFID reader’s coverage zone is invisible and irregular; we cannot roughly take the time when a tag is seen by the reader for the first time as the time when line crossing occurs. In RF-Line, we deploy two antennas opposite to each other and collect the RF phase profiles of two antennas at the same time. By a series of geometric transformations and mathematical derivations, we find that summing up the two phase profiles will get a new phase curve, in which the inflection point of the curve is the time of line crossing. In addition, we address the problem of turning back or long stay on the barrier line. We implement RF-Line with commodity RFID systems. Extensive experiments show that RF-Line can achieve accurate line crossing detection with a small error of 6.1 cm, with no need for any system calibration or complicated deployment.
Millimeter Wave Wireless Channel Knowledge Map Construction Based on Path Matching and Environment Partitioning
Key technologies in 5G and future 6G, such as millimeter wave massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO), relies accurate channel state information (CSI). However, when the number of base station (BS) antenna increases or the number of users is large, it is rather resource-consuming to obtain the CSI. Channel knowledge map (CKM) is an emerging environment-aware wireless communication technology, which stores the physical coordinates of BS and reference locations together with the corresponding channel path information. This makes it possible to obtain CSI with light or even without pilots, which can significantly reduce the overhead of channel estimation and improve system performance, especially suitable for quasi-static wireless environments with relatively stable channels and communication systems using millimeter waves, terahertz waves, visible light, and so on. The main challenge for CKM is how to construct an accurate CKM based on finite measurement data points at limited reference locations. In this work, we proposed a novel CKM construction method based on path matching and environmental partitioning (PMEP-CC) to address the above issues. Specifically, we first sort the propagation paths between reference locations, map them to a high-dimensional space to establish the path correlation coefficient between two reference locations. Then, the communication region are divided into different subregions based on its spatial correlation. Finally, the path information at locations where no measurements are available are estimated based on the known path information within the subregion to construct CKM. Numerical results are provided to show the performance of the proposed method over related studies.