Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing
Volume 2017, Article ID 5790161, 12 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/5790161
Research Article

Energy-Efficient Unequal Chain Length Clustering for Wireless Sensor Networks in Smart Cities

School of Computer Science & Engineering, Soongsil University, Seoul, Republic of Korea

Correspondence should be addressed to Jiman Hong; moc.liamg@soenamg

Received 25 April 2017; Accepted 1 August 2017; Published 7 September 2017

Academic Editor: Syed Hassan Ahmed

Copyright © 2017 Mohammad Baniata and Jiman Hong. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. T. Chen, “Smart grids, smart cities need better networks,” IEEE Network, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 2-3, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. A. Manjeshwar and D. P. Agrawal, “TEEN: a routing protocol for enhanced efficiency in wireless sensor networks,” in Proceedings of the 15th International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium (IPDPS '01), vol. 1, pp. 2009–2015, IEEE, San Francisco, Calif, USA, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. J. Huang, Q. Duan, C.-C. Xing, and H. Wang, “Topology control for building a large-scale and energy-efficient internet of things,” IEEE Wireless Communications, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 67–73, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. Huang, Y. Meng, X. Gong, Y. Liu, and Q. Duan, “A novel deployment scheme for green internet of things,” IEEE Internet of Things Journal, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 196–205, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. Y. Lim, H.-M. Kim, and S. Kang, “A design of wireless sensor networks for a power quality monitoring system,” Sensors, vol. 10, no. 11, pp. 9712–9725, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. Ahmad, A. S. Malik, M. F. Abdullah, N. Kamel, and L. Xia, “A novel method for vegetation encroachment monitoring of transmission lines using a single 2D camera,” Pattern Analysis and Applications, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 419–440, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. D. Curiac and C. Volosencu, “Urban traffic control system architecture based on wireless sensoractuator networks,” in Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Manufacturing Engineering, Quality and Production Systems (MEQAPS '10), Constantza, Romania, 2010.
  8. M. Ceriotti, M. Corrà, L. D'Orazio et al., “Is there light at the ends of the tunnel? Wireless sensor networks for adaptive lighting in road tunnels,” in Proceedings of the 10th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Information Processing in Sensor Networks (IPSN '11), pp. 187–198, Chicago, Ill, USA, April 2011. View at Scopus
  9. Y.-F. Chung and C.-H. Liu, “Design of a wireless sensor network platform for tele-homecare,” Sensors (Switzerland), vol. 13, no. 12, pp. 7156–17175, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. Ko, T. Gao, and A. Terzis, “Empirical study of a medical sensor application in an urban emergency department,” in Proceedings of the 4th International ICST Conference on Body Area Networks (BODYNETS '09), Institute for Computer Sciences, Social-Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering, April 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. X. Mao, X. Miao, Y. He, X.-Y. Li, and Y. Liu, “CitySee: urban CO2 monitoring with sensors,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Communications (INFOCOM '12), pp. 1611–1619, Orlando, Fla, USA, March 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. I. F. Akyildiz, W. Su, Y. Sankarasubramaniam, and E. Cayirci, “Wireless sensor networks: a survey,” Computer networks, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 393–422, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  13. J. N. Al-Karaki and A. E. Kamal, “Routing techniques in wireless sensor networks: a survey,” IEEE Wireless Communications, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 6–28, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. W. R. Heinzelman, A. Chandrakasan, and H. Balakrishnan, “Energy-efficient communication protocol for wireless microsensor networks,” in Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Siences (HICSS '00), p. 10, January 2000. View at Scopus
  15. S. Lindsey and C. S. Raghavendra, “PEGASIS: power-efficient gathering in sensor information systems,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Aerospace Conference, vol. 3, pp. 1125–1130, Big Sky, Mont, USA, March 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. O. Younis and S. Fahmy, “HEED: a hybrid, energy-efficient, distributed clustering approach for ad hoc sensor networks,” IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 366–379, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. C. F. Li, M. Ye, and G. Chen, “An energy-efficient unequal clustering mechanism for wireless sensor networks,” in Proceedings of the 2nd IEEE International Conferenceon Mobile Ad hoc and Sensor Systems (MASS '05), Washing ton, DC, USA, 2005.
  18. M. Demirbas, A. Arora, V. Mittal, and V. Kulathumani, “A fault-local self-stabilizing clustering service for wireless ad hoc networks,” IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems, vol. 17, no. 9, pp. 912–922, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. R. C. Shah and J. M. Rabaey, “Energy aware routing for low energy ad hoc sensor networks,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC '02), vol. 1, pp. 350–355, IEEE, March 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. E. Ever, R. Luchmun, L. Mostarda, A. Navarra, and P. Shah, “UHEED - An Unequal Clustering Algorithm for Wireless Sensor Networks,” in Sensornets, Rome, Italy, Feburary 2012.
  21. P. Ren, J. Qian, L. Li, Z. Zhao, and X. Li, “Unequal clustering scheme based LEACH for wireless sensor networks,” in Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Genetic and Evolutionary Computing, ICGEC 2010, pp. 90–93, chn, December 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. Yu, Y. Qi, G. Wang, Q. Guo, and X. Gu, “An energy-aware distributed unequal clustering protocol for wireless sensor networks,” International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks, vol. 7, no. 1, Article ID 202145, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  23. S. Lee, H. Choe, B. Park, Y. Song, and C.-K. Kim, “LUCA: an energy-efficient unequal clustering algorithm using location information for wireless sensor networks,” Wireless Personal Communications, vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 715–731, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. J. Yang and D. Zhang, “An energy-balancing unequal clustering protocol for wireless sensor networks,” Information Technology Journal, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 57–63, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. W. B. Heinzelman, Application specific protocol architectures for wireless networks [Ph.D. dissertation], Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass, USA, 2000, https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/3b86/506f0562c1453461509c5dc43359fe908db5.pdf.
  26. W. B. Heinzelman, A. P. Chandrakasan, and H. Balakrishnan, “An application-specific protocol architecture for wireless microsensor networks,” IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 660–670, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. The matworks matlab and simulink for technical computer: http://www.mathworks.com/.