Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing
Volume 2017, Article ID 9068272, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9068272
Research Article

Keyholes in MIMO-OFDM: Train-to-Wayside Communications in Railway Tunnels

1Teoría de la Señal y Comunicaciones Department, ETSIS Telecomunicación, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM), Campus Sur, Calle Nikola Tesla s/n, 28031 Madrid, Spain
2ETSI Telecomunicación, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM), Ciudad Universitaria, 28040 Madrid, Spain
3The Engineering Department of Metro de Madrid S.A., Madrid, Spain

Correspondence should be addressed to Juan Moreno García-Loygorri; se.mpu.caid@lgoneromnauj

Received 3 March 2017; Accepted 5 July 2017; Published 7 August 2017

Academic Editor: Yin Xuefeng

Copyright © 2017 Juan Moreno García-Loygorri et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. Calle-Sanchez, M. Molina-Garcia, and J. I. Alonso, “Top challenges of LTE to become the next generation railway communication system,” in Proceedings of the COMPRAIL 2012. 13th International Conference on Design and Operation in Railway Engineering, pp. 85–96, Wessex Institue of Technology, New Forest, UK, September 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. D. Mandoc, “LTE/SAE—The Future Railway Mobile Radio System: Long-Term Vision on Railway Mobile Radio Technologies,” Technical Report. UIC, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  3. D2.3 “State of the Art in Radio Technologies and Recommendation of Suitable Technologies”, Roll2Rail Project - WP.2 TCMS, [online]: http://www.roll2rail.eu/download.aspx?id=26132f73-a688-4dcc-bc77-56f9aab4ef78.
  4. Q. H. Li, G. J. Li, W. Lee et al., “MIMO techniques in WiMAX and LTE: a feature overview,” IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 86–92, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. Goldsmith, S. A. Jafar, N. Jindal, and S. Vishwanath, “Capacity limits of MIMO channels,” IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 684–702, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. D. Gesbert, M. Shafi, D. S. Shiu, P. J. Smith, and A. Naguib, “From theory to practice: an overview of MIMO space-time coded wireless systems,” IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 281–302, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. D. Chizhik, G. J. Foschini, and M. J. Gans, “Keyholes, correlations, and capacities of multielement transmit and receive antennas,” IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 361–368, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. P. Almers, F. Tufvesson, and A. F. Molisch, “Keyhole effect in MIMO wireless channels: measurements and theory,” IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, vol. 5, no. 12, pp. 3596–3604, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. Moreno, L. De Haro, C. Rodriguez, L. Cuellar, and J. M. Riera, “Keyhole estimation of an MIMO-OFDM train-to-wayside communication system on subway tunnels,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 14, pp. 88–91, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. Moreno García-Loygorri, L. De Haro, C. Rodríguez, L. Cuéllar, and J. M. Riera, “Influence of polarization on keyhole probability on a MIMO-OFDM train-to-wayside system on tunnels,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 14, pp. 1798–1801, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. Liénard, P. Degauque, J. Baudet, and D. Degardin, “Investigation on MIMO channels in subway tunnels,” IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 332–339, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J.-M. Molina-García-Pardo, M. Lienard, P. Degauque, C. García-Pardo, and L. Juan-Llácer, “MIMO Channel capacity with polarization diversity in arched tunnels,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 8, pp. 1186–1189, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. C. Sanchis-Borras, J.-M. Molina-Garcia-Pardo, M. Lienard, and P. Degauque, “Performance evaluation of MIMO-OFDM in tunnels,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 11, pp. 301–304, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. C. Gómez-Calero, L. C. Navarrete, L. De Haro, and R. Martínez, “A 2 × 2 MIMO DVB-T2 System: Design, new channel estimation scheme and measurements with polarization diversity,” IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting, vol. 56, no. 2, pp. 184–192, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB); Frame Structure Channel Coding and Modulation for a Second Generation Digital Terrestrial Television Broadcasting System (DVB-T2),” ETSI, EN 302 755 V1.1.1 (2008-04).
  16. S. M. Alamouti, “A simple transmit diversity technique for wireless communications,” IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, vol. 16, no. 8, pp. 1451–1458, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. J. A. Castiblanco, D. Seetharamdoo, M. Berbineau, M. Ney, and F. Gallee, “Determination of antenna specification and positioning for efficient railway communication in tunnels of arbitrary cross section,” in Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on ITS Telecommunications (ITST '11), pp. 678–683, IEEE, St. Petersburg, Russia, August 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus