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Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing
Volume 2018 (2018), Article ID 4798359, 8 pages
Research Article

BCI and FES Based Therapy for Stroke Rehabilitation Using VR Facilities

1Computer Engineering Department, “Gheorghe Asachi” Technical University of Iasi, Iasi, Romania
2EUEDIA Department, “Gheorghe Asachi” Technical University of Iasi, Iasi, Romania
3Computer Engineering Department, Politehnica University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania

Correspondence should be addressed to Robert Gabriel Lupu; moc.liamg@trebor.upul

Received 22 September 2017; Accepted 14 February 2018; Published 5 April 2018

Academic Editor: Evdokimos I. Konstantinidis

Copyright © 2018 Robert Gabriel Lupu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In recent years, the assistive technologies and stroke rehabilitation methods have been empowered by the use of virtual reality environments and the facilities offered by brain computer interface systems and functional electrical stimulators. In this paper, a therapy system for stroke rehabilitation based on these revolutionary techniques is presented. Using a virtual reality Oculus Rift device, the proposed system ushers the patient in a virtual scenario where a virtual therapist coordinates the exercises aimed at restoring brain function. The electrical stimulator helps the patient to perform rehabilitation exercises and the brain computer interface system and an electrooculography device are used to determine if the exercises are executed properly. Laboratory tests on healthy people led to system validation from technical point of view. The clinical tests are in progress, but the preliminary results of the clinical tests have highlighted the good satisfaction degree of patients, the quick accommodation with the proposed therapy, and rapid progress for each user rehabilitation.