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Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing
Volume 2018, Article ID 9087269, 21 pages
Research Article

Analysis of Factors Affecting Energy Aware Routing in Wireless Sensor Network

1Department of Computer Science, National Textile University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
2College of Computer and Information Systems, Al Yamamah University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3Department of Computer Engineering, Bahria University, Islamabad, Pakistan
4Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea

Correspondence should be addressed to Kijun Han;

Received 28 August 2017; Accepted 27 December 2017; Published 18 February 2018

Academic Editor: Houbing Song

Copyright © 2018 Sohail Jabbar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Among constituents of communication architecture, routing is the most energy squeezing process. In this survey article, we are targeting an innovative aspect of analysis on routing in wireless sensor network (WSN) that has never been seen in the available literature before. This article can be a guiding light for new researchers to comprehend the WSN technology, energy aware routing, and the factors that affect the energy aware routing in WSN. This insight comprehension then makes the ways easy for them in designing such types of algorithms as well as evaluating the authenticity and extending the existing algorithms of this category, since algebraic and graphical modelling of these factors is also demonstrated. Various available techniques used by existing routing algorithms to handle these factors in making themselves energy aware are also given. Further, they are analyzed along with the suggested improvements for the researchers. At the end, we presented our previously published research work as an example and case study of discussed factors. A rich list of references is also cited for interested readers to explore the related given points.