Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing / 2019 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

A Multiconstrained QoS-Compliant Routing Scheme for Highway-Based Vehicular Networks

Table 1

QoS-based routing protocols using swarm intelligence: a comparative table.

Protocol QoS MetricsSchemeRouting typeMobility modelRoute discoveryForwarding strategyPath MaintenanceSimulator

QoS-OLSR [7]Bandwidth, Connectivity, Metric MobilityACOUnicastUrbanProactiveGreedy ForwardingActiveMATLAB

PassCar [8]ND
LET
Passive ClusteringUnicastHighwayReactiveOptimum ForwardingPassiveNS2

Multi-Chanel MAC [9]E2ED, BandwidthClusteringMulticast, UnicastHighwayReactive, ProactiveOptimum ForwardingPassiveMATLAB

QoSBeeVanet [10]AB, E2ED, Hop countBCAUnicastUrbanReactivePeriodic Neighbour discoveryPassiveNS2

HyBR [11]Bandwidth, E2EDBCAUnicastUrbanReactiveOptimum ForwardingPassiveNS2

MAZACORNET [12]LS, PDRACOUnicastUrbanReactive, ProactiveOptimum ForwardingPassiveNS2

MQBV [13]AB, E2EDBCAMulticast, UnicastUrbanReactiveGreedy ForwardingPassiveNS2

BLA [14]E2ED, Jitter, BandwidthBCOMulticastUrbanOptimum ForwardingPassiveNS2

SAMQ [15]LET, PDR, Hop countACAUnicastHighwayReactiveActiveOMNet++

ARP-QD [16]Hop count, LETOFAUnicastUrbanReactiveGreedy ForwardingActiveNS2

IRQV [17]CP, E2EDACOUnicastUrbanReactiveGreedy ForwardingActiveNS2

ACO: Ant colony optimization; BCA: Bee Colony Algorithm; BCO: bee colony optimization; ACA: Ant Colony Algorithm; OFA: Optimal Forwarding Algorithm; PDR: packet delivery ratio; E2ED: end-to-end delay; LET: link expiration time; ND: node degree; CP: Connectivity probability; LS: link stability; AB: available bandwidth.