Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Erratum

An erratum for this article has been published. To view the erratum, please click here.

Abstract and Applied Analysis
Volume 2011, Article ID 468716, 18 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/468716
Research Article

On the Convergence of Implicit Iterative Processes for Asymptotically Pseudocontractive Mappings in the Intermediate Sense

1School of Mathematics and Information Sciences, North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power, Zhengzhou 450011, China
2Department of Mathematics, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou 310036, China
3Department of Mathematics, Kyungnam University, Masan 631-701, Republic of Korea

Received 20 November 2010; Accepted 9 February 2011

Academic Editor: Narcisa C. Apreutesei

Copyright © 2011 Xiaolong Qin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

An implicit iterative process is considered. Strong and weak convergence theorems of common fixed points of a finite family of asymptotically pseudocontractive mappings in the intermediate sense are established in a real Hilbert space.

1. Introduction and Preliminaries

Throughout this paper, we always assume that is a real Hilbert space with the inner product and the norm . Let be a nonempty closed convex subset of and a mapping. We denote by the fixed point of the mapping .

Recall that is said to be uniformly -lipschitz if there exists a positive constant such that is said to be nonexpansive if is said to be asymptotically nonexpansive if there exists a sequence with as such that The class of asymptotically nonexpansive mappings was introduced by Goebel and Kirk [1] in 1972. It is known that if is a nonempty bounded closed convex subset of a Hilbert space space , then every asymptotically nonexpansive mapping on has a fixed point. Since 1972, a host of authors have been studing strong and weak convergence problems of the iterative processes for such a class of mappings.

is said to be asymptotically nonexpansive in the intermediate sense if it is continuous and the following inequality holds: Putting we see that as . Then, (1.4) is reduced to the following: The class of asymptotically nonexpansive mappings in the intermediate sense was introduced by Kirk [2] (see also Bruck et al. [3]) as a generalization of the class of asymptotically nonexpansive mappings. It is known [4] that if is a nonempty bounded closed convex subset of a Hilbert space space , then every asymptotically nonexpansive mapping in the intermediate sense on has a fixed point.

is said to be strictly pseudocontractive if there exists a constant such that For such a case, is also said to be a -strict pseudocontraction. The class of strict pseudocontractions was introduced by Browder and Petryshyn [5] in 1967. It is clear that every nonexpansive mapping is a 0-strict pseudocontraction.

is said to be an asymptotically strict pseudocontraction if there exist a sequence with as and a constant such that For such a case, is also said to be an asymptotically -strict pseudocontraction. The class of asymptotically strict pseudocontractions is introduced by Qihou [6] in 1996. It is clear that every asymptotically nonexpansive mapping is an asymptotical 0-strict pseudocontraction.

is said to be an asymptotically strict pseudocontraction in the intermediate sense if there exists a sequence with as and a constant such that For such a case, is also said to be an asymptotically -strict pseudocontraction in the intermediate sense. Putting we see that as . Then, (1.9) is reduced to the following: The class of asymptotically strict pseudocontractions in the intermediate sense was introduced by Sahu et al. [7] as a generalization of the class of asymptotically strict pseudocontractions, see [7] for more details. We also remark that if for each and in (1.9), then the class of asymptotically -strict pseudocontractions in the intermediate sense is reduced to the class of asymptotically nonexpansive mappings in the intermediate sense.

is said to be pseudocontractive if It is easy to see that (1.12) is equivalent to

is said to be asymptotically pseudocontractive if there exists a sequence with as such that It is easy to see that (1.14) is equivalent to We remark that the class of asymptotically pseudocontractive mappings was introduced by Schu [8] in 1991. For an asymptotically pseudocontractive mapping , Zhou [9] proved that if is also uniformly Lipschitz and uniformly asymptotically regular, then enjoys a nonempty fixed point set. Moreover, is closed and convex.

is said to be an asymptotically pseudocontractive mapping in the intermediate sense if there exists a sequence with as such that It is easy to see that (1.16) is equivalent to Put Then, (1.16) is reduced to the following It is easy to see that (1.19) is equivalent to The class of asymptotically pseudocontractive mappings in the intermediate sense which includes the class of asymptotically pseudocontractive mappings and the class of asymptotically strict pseudocontractions in the intermediate sense as special cases was introduced by Qin et al. [10].

In 2001, Xu and Ori [11], in the framework of Hilbert spaces, introduced the following implicit iteration process for a finite family of nonexpansive mappings with a real sequence in and an initial point : which can be written in the following compact form where (here the takes values in ).

They obtained the following weak convergence theorem.

Theorem XO. Let be a real Hilbert space, a nonempty closed convex subset of , and be a finite family of nonexpansive mappings such that . Let be defined by (1.22). If is chosen so that as , then converges weakly to a common fixed point of the family of .

Subsequently, fixed point problems based on implicit iterative processes have been considered by many authors, see [9, 1223]. In 2004, Osilike [18] considered the implicit iterative process (1.22) for a finite family of strictly pseudocontractive mappings. To be more precise, he proved the following theorem.

Theorem O. Let be a real Hilbert space and let be a nonempty closed convex subset of . Let be strictly pseudocontractive self-maps of such that . Let and let be a sequence in such that as . Then, the sequence defined by (1.22) converges weakly to a common fixed point of the mappings .

In 2008, Qin et al. [20] considered the following implicit iterative process for a finite family of asymptotically strict pseudocontractions: where is an initial value, is a sequence in . Since for each , it can be written as , where , is a positive integer and as . Hence, the above table can be rewritten in the following compact form: A weak convergence theorem of the implicit iterative process (1.24) for a finite family of asymptotically strict pseudocontractions was established.

We remark that the implicit iterative process (1.24) has been used to study the class of asymptotically pseudocontractive mappings by Osilike and Akuchu [19]. They obtained strong convergence of the implicit iterative process (1.24), however, there is no weak convergence theorem.

In this paper, motivated by the above results, we reconsider the implicit iterative process (1.24) for asymptotically pseudocontractive mappings in the intermediate sense. Strong and weak convergence theorems of common fixed points of a finite family of asymptotically pseudocontractive mappings in the intermediate sense are established. The results presented in this paper mainly improve and extend the corresponding results announced in Chang et al. [24], Chidume and Shahzad [13], Górnicki [25], Osilike [18], Qin et al. [20], Xu and Ori [11], and Zhou and Chang [23].

In order to prove our main results, we need the following conceptions and lemmas.

Recall that a space is said to satisfy Opial's condition [26] if, for each sequence in , the convergence weakly implies that

Recall that a mapping is semicompact if any sequence in satisfying has a convergent subsequence.

Lemma 1.1 (see [27]). In a real Hilbert space, the following inequality holds

Lemma 1.2 (see [28]). Let , , and be three nonnegative sequences satisfying the following condition: where is some nonnegative integer, and . Then, the limit exists.

2. Main Results

Theorem 2.1. Let be a nonempty closed convex subset of a Hilbert space . Let be a uniformly -Lipschitz continuous and asymptotically pseudocontractive mapping in the intermediate sense with the sequence such that for each , where is some positive integer. Let for each . Assume that the common fixed point set is nonempty. Let be a sequence generated in (1.24). Assume that the control sequence in satisfies the following restrictions: (a), where , for all ; (b), where . Then, converges weakly to some point in .

Proof. First, we show that the sequence generated in the implicit iterative process (1.24) is well defined. Define mappings by Notice that From the restriction (a), we see that is a contraction for each . By Banach contraction principle, we see that there exists a unique fixed point such that This shows that the implicit iterative process (1.24) is well defined for uniformly Lipschitz continuous and asymptotically pseudocontractive mappings in the intermediate sense. Let . In view of the assumption, we see that . Fixing , we see from Lemma 1.1 that From the restriction (a), we see that there exists some such that where . It follows that In view of the restriction (b), we obtain from Lemma 1.2 that exists. Hence, the sequence is bounded. Reconsidering (2.4), we see from the restriction (a) that This implies that Notice that It follows from (2.8) that Observe that In view of (2.8), and (2.10), we obtain that Since for any positive integer , it can be written as , where . Observe that Since for each , , on the other hand, we obtain from that . That is, Notice that Substituting (2.15) into (2.13), we arrive at In view of (2.8), (2.10), and (2.12), we obtain from (2.16) that Notice that From (2.10) and (2.17), we arrive at Notice that It follows from (2.10) and (2.19) that Note that any subsequence of a convergent number sequence converges to the same limit. It follows that Since the sequence is bounded, we see that there exists a subsequence such that converges weakly to a point . Choose and define for arbitrary but fixed . Notice that It follows from (2.22) that Note that Since and (2.24), we arrive at
On the other hand, we have Notice that Substituting (2.26) and (2.27) into (2.28), we arrive at Letting in (2.29), we see that for each . Since is uniformly -Lipschitz, we can obtain that for each . This means that .
Next we show that converges weakly to . Supposing the contrary, we see that there exists some subsequence of such that converges weakly to , where . Similarly, we can show . Notice that we have proved that exists for each . Assume that where is a nonnegative number. By virtue of the Opial property of , we see that This is a contradiction. Hence . This completes the proof.

For the class of asymptotically pseudocontractive mappings, we have, from Theorem 2.1, the following results immediately.

Corollary 2.2. Let be a nonempty closed convex subset of a Hilbert space . Let be a uniformly -Lipschitz continuous and asymptotically pseudocontractive mapping with the sequence such that for each , where is some positive integer. Assume that the common fixed point set is nonempty. Let be a sequence generated in (1.24). Assume that the control sequence in satisfies the following restrictions , where , for all . Then, converges weakly to some point in .

For the class of asymptotically nonexpansive mappings in the intermediate sense, we can obtain from Theorem 2.1 the following results immediately.

Corollary 2.3. Let be a nonempty closed convex subset of a Hilbert space . Let be a uniformly -Lipschitz continuous and asymptotically nonexpansive mapping in the intermediate sense for each , where is some positive integer. Let for each . Assume that the common fixed point set is nonempty. Let be a sequence generated in (1.24). Assume that the control sequence in satisfies the following restrictions: (a), where , for all ; (b), where . Then converges weakly to some point in .

For the class of asymptotically nonexpansive mappings, we can conclude from Theorem 2.1 the following results immediately.

Corollary 2.4. Let be a nonempty closed convex subset of a Hilbert space . Let be an asymptotically nonexpansive mapping with the sequence such that for each , where is some positive integer. Assume that the common fixed point set is nonempty. Let be a sequence generated in (1.24). Assume that the control sequence in satisfies the following restriction , where , for all . Then, converges weakly to some point in .

Next, we give strong convergence theorems with the help of semicompactness.

Theorem 2.5. Let be a nonempty closed convex subset of a Hilbert space . Let be a uniformly -Lipschitz continuous and asymptotically pseudocontractive mapping in the intermediate sense with the sequence such that for each , where is some positive integer. Let for each . Assume that the common fixed point set is nonempty. Let be a sequence generated in (1.24). Assume that the control sequence in satisfies the following restrictions: (a), where , for all ; (b), where . If one of is semicompact, then the sequence converges strongly to some point in .

Proof. Without loss of generality, we may assume that is semicompact. From (2.22), we see that there exists a subsequence of that converges strongly to . For each , we get that Since is Lipschitz continuous, we obtain from (2.22) that . In view of Theorem 2.1, we obtain that exists. Therefore, we can obtain the desired conclusion immediately.

For the class of asymptotically pseudocontractive mappings, we have from Theorem 2.5 the following results immediately.

Corollary 2.6. Let be a nonempty closed convex subset of a Hilbert space . Let be a uniformly -Lipschitz continuous and asymptotically pseudocontractive mapping with the sequence such that for each , where is some positive integer. Assume that the common fixed point set is nonempty. Let be a sequence generated in (1.24). Assume that the control sequence in satisfies the following restrictions: , where , for all . If one of is semicompact, then the sequence converges strongly to some point in .

For the class of asymptotically nonexpansive mappings in the intermediate sense, we can obtain from Theorem 2.5 the following results immediately.

Corollary 2.7. Let be a nonempty closed convex subset of a Hilbert space . Let be a uniformly -Lipschitz continuous and asymptotically nonexpansive mapping in the intermediate sense for each , where is some positive integer. Let for each . Assume that the common fixed point set is nonempty. Let be a sequence generated in (1.24). Assume that the control sequence in satisfies the following restrictions: (a), where , for all ; (b), where . If one of is semicompact, then the sequence converges strongly to some point in .

For the class of asymptotically nonexpansive mappings, we can conclude from Theorem 2.5 the following results immediately.

Corollary 2.8. Let be a nonempty closed convex subset of a Hilbert space . Let be an asymptotically nonexpansive mapping with the sequence such that for each , where is some positive integer. Assume that the common fixed point set is nonempty. Let be a sequence generated in (1.24). Assume that the control sequence in satisfies the following restriction: , where , for all . If one of   is semicompact, then the sequence converges strongly to some point in .

In 2005, Chidume and Shahzad [13] introduced the following conception. Recall that a family with is said to satisfy Condition on if there is a nondecreasing function with and for all such that for all

Next, we give strong convergence theorems with the help of Condition .

Theorem 2.9. Let be a nonempty closed convex subset of a Hilbert space . Let be a uniformly -Lipschitz continuous and asymptotically pseudocontractive mapping in the intermediate sense with the sequence such that for each , where is some positive integer. Let for each . Assume that the common fixed point set is nonempty. Let be a sequence generated in (1.24). Assume that the control sequence in satisfies the following restrictions: (a), where , for all ; (b), where . If satisfies Condition , then the sequence converges strongly to some point in .

Proof. In view of Condition , we obtain from (2.22) that , which implies . Next, we show that the sequence is Cauchy. In view of (2.6), for any positive integers , where , we obtain that where . It follows that It follows that is a Cauchy sequence in ,so converges strongly to some . Since is Lipschitz for each , we see that is closed. This in turn implies that . This completes the proof.

For the class of asymptotically pseudocontractive mappings, we have from Theorem 2.9 the following results immediately.

Corollary 2.10. Let be a nonempty closed convex subset of a Hilbert space . Let be a uniformly -Lipschitz continuous and asymptotically pseudocontractive mapping with the sequence such that for each , where is some positive integer. Assume that the common fixed point set is nonempty. Let be a sequence generated in (1.24). Assume that the control sequence in satisfies the following restrictions: , where , for all . If satisfies Condition , then the sequence converges strongly to some point in .

For the class of asymptotically nonexpansive mappings in the intermediate sense, we can obtain from Theorem 2.9 the following results immediately.

Corollary 2.11. Let be a nonempty closed convex subset of a Hilbert space . Let be a uniformly -Lipschitz continuous and asymptotically nonexpansive mapping in the intermediate sense for each , where is some positive integer. Let for each . Assume that the common fixed point set is nonempty. Let be a sequence generated in (1.24). Assume that the control sequence in satisfies the following restrictions: (a), where , for all ; (b), where . If satisfies Condition , then the sequence converges strongly to some point in .

For the class of asymptotically nonexpansive mappings, we can conclude from Theorem 2.9 the following results immediately.

Corollary 2.12. Let be a nonempty closed convex subset of a Hilbert space . Let be an asymptotically nonexpansive mapping with the sequence such that for each , where is some positive integer. Assume that the common fixed point set is nonempty. Let be a sequence generated in (1.24). Assume that the control sequence in satisfies the following restriction: , where , for all . If satisfies Condition , then the sequence converges strongly to some point in .

Finally, we give the following strong convergence criteria.

Theorem 2.13. Let be a nonempty closed convex subset of a Hilbert space . Let be a uniformly -Lipschitz continuous and asymptotically pseudocontractive mapping in the intermediate sense with the sequence such that for each , where is some positive integer. Let for each . Assume that the common fixed point set is nonempty. Let be a sequence generated in (1.24). Assume that the control sequence in satisfies the following restrictions: (a), where , for all ; (b), where . Then, the sequence converges strongly to some point in   if and only if .

Proof. The necessity is obvious. We only show the sufficiency. Assume that In view of Lemma 1.2, we can obtain from (2.6) that . The desired results can be obtain from Theorem 2.9 immediately.

For the class of asymptotically pseudocontractive mappings, we have from Theorem 2.13 the following results immediately.

Corollary 2.14. Let be a nonempty closed convex subset of a Hilbert space . Let be a uniformly -Lipschitz continuous and asymptotically pseudocontractive mapping with the sequence such that for each , where is some positive integer. Assume that the common fixed point set is nonempty. Let be a sequence generated in (1.24). Assume that the control sequence in satisfies the following restrictions , where , for all . Then, the sequence converges strongly to some point in if and only if  .

For the class of asymptotically nonexpansive mappings in the intermediate sense, we can obtain from Theorem 2.13 the following results immediately.

Corollary 2.15. Let be a nonempty closed convex subset of a Hilbert space . Let be a uniformly -Lipschitz continuous and asymptotically nonexpansive mapping in the intermediate sense for each , where is some positive integer. Let for each . Assume that the common fixed point set is nonempty. Let be a sequence generated in (1.24). Assume that the control sequence in satisfies the following restrictions: (a), where , for all ; (b), where . Then, the sequence converges strongly to some point in if and only if  .

For the class of asymptotically nonexpansive mappings, we can conclude from Theorem 2.13 the following results immediately.

Corollary 2.16. Let be a nonempty closed convex subset of a Hilbert space . Let be an asymptotically nonexpansive mapping with the sequence such that for each , where is some positive integer. Assume that the common fixed point set is nonempty. Let be a sequence generated in (1.24). Assume that the control sequence in satisfies the following restriction: , where , for all . Then, the sequence converges strongly to some point in if and only if  .

Acknowledgment

This work was supported by National Research Foundation of Korea Grant funded by the Korean Government (2010-0016000).

References

  1. K. Goebel and W. A. Kirk, “A fixed point theorem for asymptotically nonexpansive mappings,” Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society, vol. 35, pp. 171–174, 1972. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH
  2. W. A. Kirk, “Fixed point theorems for non-Lipschitzian mappings of asymptotically nonexpansive type,” Israel Journal of Mathematics, vol. 17, pp. 339–346, 1974. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH
  3. R. Bruck, T. Kuczumow, and S. Reich, “Convergence of iterates of asymptotically nonexpansive mappings in Banach spaces with the uniform Opial property,” Colloquium Mathematicum, vol. 65, no. 2, pp. 169–179, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH
  4. H. K. Xu, “Existence and convergence for fixed points of mappings of asymptotically nonexpansive type,” Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods & Applications, vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 1139–1146, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH
  5. F. E. Browder and W. V. Petryshyn, “Construction of fixed points of nonlinear mappings in Hilbert space,” Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications, vol. 20, pp. 197–228, 1967. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH
  6. L. Qihou, “Convergence theorems of the sequence of iterates for asymptotically demicontractive and hemicontractive mappings,” Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods & Applications, vol. 26, no. 11, pp. 1835–1842, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH
  7. D. R. Sahu, H.-K. Xu, and J.-C. Yao, “Asymptotically strict pseudocontractive mappings in the intermediate sense,” Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods & Applications, vol. 70, no. 10, pp. 3502–3511, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. J. Schu, “Iterative construction of fixed points of asymptotically nonexpansive mappings,” Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications, vol. 158, no. 2, pp. 407–413, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH
  9. H. Zhou, “Demiclosedness principle with applications for asymptotically pseudo-contractions in Hilbert spaces,” Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods & Applications, vol. 70, no. 9, pp. 3140–3145, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. X. Qin, S. Y. Cho, and J. K. Kim, “Convergence theorems on asymptotically pseudocontractive mappings in the intermediate sense,” Fixed Point Theory and Applications, vol. 2010, Article ID 186874, 14 pages, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  11. H.-K. Xu and R. G. Ori, “An implicit iteration process for nonexpansive mappings,” Numerical Functional Analysis and Optimization, vol. 22, no. 5-6, pp. 767–773, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH
  12. L. C. Ceng, D. R. Sahu, and J. C. Yao, “Implicit iterative algorithms for asymptotically nonexpansive mappings in the intermediate sense and Lipschitz-continuous monotone mappings,” Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics, vol. 233, no. 11, pp. 2902–2915, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH
  13. C. E. Chidume and N. Shahzad, “Strong convergence of an implicit iteration process for a finite family of nonexpansive mappings,” Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods & Applications, vol. 62, no. 6, pp. 1149–1156, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH
  14. F. Cianciaruso, G. Marino, and X. Wang, “Weak and strong convergence of the Ishikawa iterative process for a finite family of asymptotically nonexpansive mappings,” Applied Mathematics and Computation, vol. 216, no. 12, pp. 3558–3567, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH
  15. W. Guo and Y. J. Cho, “On the strong convergence of the implicit iterative processes with errors for a finite family of asymptotically nonexpansive mappings,” Applied Mathematics Letters, vol. 21, no. 10, pp. 1046–1052, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH
  16. S. H. Khan, I. Yildirim, and M. Ozdemir, “Convergence of an implicit algorithm for two families of nonexpansive mappings,” Computers & Mathematics with Applications, vol. 59, no. 9, pp. 3084–3091, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH
  17. J. K. Kim, Y. M. Nam, and J. Y. Sim, “Convergence theorems of implicit iterative sequences for a finite family of asymptotically quasi-nonxpansive type mappings,” Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods & Applications, vol. 71, no. 12, pp. e2839–e2848, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. M. O. Osilike, “Implicit iteration process for common fixed points of a finite family of strictly pseudocontractive maps,” Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications, vol. 294, no. 1, pp. 73–81, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH
  19. M. O. Osilike and B. G. Akuchu, “Common fixed points of a finite family of asymptotically pseudocontractive maps,” Fixed Point Theory and Applications, vol. 2004, no. 2, pp. 81–88, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH
  20. X. Qin, Y. Su, and M. Shang, “On the convergence of implicit iteration process for a finite family of k-strictly asymptotically pseudocontractive mappings,” Kochi Journal of Mathematics, vol. 3, pp. 67–76, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  21. X. Qin, S. M. Kang, and R. P. Agarwal, “On the convergence of an implicit iterative process for generalized asymptotically quasi-nonexpansive mappings,” Fixed Point Theory and Applications, vol. 2010, Article ID 714860, 19 pages, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  22. X. Qin, Y. J. Cho, and M. Shang, “Convergence analysis of implicit iterative algorithms for asymptotically nonexpansive mappings,” Applied Mathematics and Computation, vol. 210, no. 2, pp. 542–550, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH
  23. Y. Zhou and S.-S. Chang, “Convergence of implicit iteration process for a finite family of asymptotically nonexpansive mappings in Banach spaces,” Numerical Functional Analysis and Optimization, vol. 23, no. 7-8, pp. 911–921, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH
  24. S. S. Chang, Y. J. Cho, and H. Zhou, “Demi-closed principle and weak convergence problems for asymptotically nonexpansive mappings,” Journal of the Korean Mathematical Society, vol. 38, no. 6, pp. 1245–1260, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH
  25. J. Górnicki, “Weak convergence theorems for asymptotically nonexpansive mappings in uniformly convex Banach spaces,” Commentationes Mathematicae Universitatis Carolinae, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 249–252, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH
  26. Z. Opial, “Weak convergence of the sequence of successive approximations for nonexpansive mappings,” Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society, vol. 73, pp. 591–597, 1967. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH
  27. J. Reinermann, “Über Fixpunkte kontrahierender Abbildungen und schwach konvergente Toeplitz-Verfahren,” Archiv der Mathematik, vol. 20, pp. 59–64, 1969. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH
  28. K.-K. Tan and H. K. Xu, “Approximating fixed points of nonexpansive mappings by the Ishikawa iteration process,” Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications, vol. 178, no. 2, pp. 301–308, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH