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Autoimmune Diseases
Volume 2011, Article ID 629538, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/629538
Review Article

Vitamin D and Multiple Sclerosis: Correlation, Causality, and Controversy

1Division of Clinical and Experimental Immunology, Department of Internal Medicine and School for Mental Health and Neuroscience, Maastricht University Medical Center, Universiteitssingel 50, P.O. Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
2Academic MS Center Limburg, Orbis Medical Center, P.O. Box 5500, 6130 MB Sittard, The Netherlands

Received 13 September 2010; Accepted 14 September 2010

Academic Editor: Sreeram Ramagopalan

Copyright © 2011 Joost Smolders. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Citations to this Article [12 citations]

The following is the list of published articles that have cited the current article.

  • Bernd Krone, and John M. Grange, “Paradigms in multiple sclerosis: Time for a change, time for a unifying concept,” Inflammopharmacology, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 187–195, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
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  • Mingyuan Liu, Yiting Yang, Xiongfeng Wu, Xiaojun Hou, Yong Hao, Yangtai Guan, Ping Zhang, and Desheng Zhu, “Microarray gene expression profiling analysis combined with bioinformatics in multiple sclerosis,” Molecular Biology Reports, vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 3731–3737, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Maartje J. L. Colaris, Rene R. van der Hulst, and Jan Willem Cohen Tervaert, “Vitamin D deficiency as a risk factor for the development of autoantibodies in patients with ASIA and silicone breast implants: a cohort study and review of the literature,” Clinical Rheumatology, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Sunčica Stankov, and Bogdan Stepančev, “Vitamin D role in multiple sclerosis etiology and therapy,” Medicinski Casopis, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 15–21, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar