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Autoimmune Diseases
Volume 2014, Article ID 743616, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/743616
Review Article

The Potential Roles of Bisphenol A (BPA) Pathogenesis in Autoimmunity

11001 Canvasback Court, Carlsbad, CA 92011, USA
2Division of Sciences, Bastyr University California, 4106 Sorrento Valley Boulevard, San Diego, CA 92121, USA

Received 19 November 2013; Revised 20 January 2014; Accepted 12 February 2014; Published 7 April 2014

Academic Editor: Aristo Vojdani

Copyright © 2014 Datis Kharrazian. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Bisphenol A (BPA) is a monomer found in commonly used consumer plastic goods. Although much attention in recent years has been placed on BPA’s impact as an endocrine disruptor, it also appears to activate many immune pathways involved in both autoimmune disease development and autoimmune reactivity provocation. The current scientific literature is void of research papers linking BPA directly to human or animal onset of autoimmunity. This paper explores the impact of BPA on immune reactivity and the potential roles these mechanisms may have on the development or provocation of autoimmune diseases. Potential mechanisms by which BPA may be a contributing risk factor to autoimmune disease development and progression include its impact on hyperprolactinemia, estrogenic immune signaling, cytochrome P450 enzyme disruption, immune signal transduction pathway alteration, cytokine polarization, aryl hydrocarbon activation of Th-17 receptors, molecular mimicry, macrophage activation, lipopolysaccharide activation, and immunoglobulin pathophysiology. In this paper a review of these known autoimmune triggering mechanisms will be correlated with BPA exposure, thereby suggesting that BPA has a role in the pathogenesis of autoimmunity.