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Advances in High Energy Physics
Volume 2016, Article ID 9153024, 41 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9153024
Review Article

The Use of Low Temperature Detectors for Direct Measurements of the Mass of the Electron Neutrino

1Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Milano-Bicocca, 20126 Milano, Italy
2INFN-Sezione di Milano-Bicocca, 20126 Milano, Italy

Received 2 November 2015; Revised 9 February 2016; Accepted 11 February 2016

Academic Editor: Leslie Camilleri

Copyright © 2016 A. Nucciotti. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The publication of this article was funded by SCOAP3.

Abstract

Recent years have witnessed many exciting breakthroughs in neutrino physics. The detection of neutrino oscillations has proved that neutrinos are massive particles, but the assessment of their absolute mass scale is still an outstanding challenge in today particle physics and cosmology. Since low temperature detectors were first proposed for neutrino physics experiments in 1984, there has been tremendous technical progress: today this technique offers the high energy resolution and scalability required to perform competitive experiments challenging the lowest electron neutrino masses. This paper reviews the thirty-year effort aimed at realizing calorimetric measurements with sub-eV neutrino mass sensitivity using low temperature detectors.