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Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 296714, 9 pages
Research Article

The Dynamics of the Skin Temperature of the Dead Sea

1Department of Geography and Environment, Bar-Ilan University, 52900 Ramat-Gan, Israel
2Geological Survey of Israel, 30 Malkhe Israel Street, 95501 Jerusalem, Israel

Received 1 January 2013; Revised 28 May 2013; Accepted 15 June 2013

Academic Editor: Lian Xie

Copyright © 2013 Roni Nehorai et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


We explored the dynamics of the temperature of the skin layer of the Dead Sea surface by means of in situ meteorological and hydrographic measurements from a buoy located near the center of the lake. The skin temperature is most highly correlated to air temperature (0.93–0.98) in all seasons. The skin temperature is much less correlated to the bulk surface water temperature in the summer (0.80), when the lake is thermally stratified, and uncorrelated in the winter, when the Dead Sea is vertically mixed. Low correlations were found between the skin temperature and the solar radiation and wind speed in all seasons. The skin, with its low thermal inertia, responds immediately to the atmospheric forcing. Heat fluxes across the sea surface are also presented. The high correlation of skin temperature to air temperature with minimal time lag is a result of the nearly immediate response of the thin skin layer to the surface heat fluxes, primarily the sensible heat flux.