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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2013, Article ID 232681, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/232681
Review Article

A Brief Review on Bioinspired ZnO Superhydrophobic Surfaces: Theory, Synthesis, and Applications

Electronic Science & Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China

Received 22 May 2013; Revised 18 October 2013; Accepted 18 October 2013

Academic Editor: Manish U. Chhowalla

Copyright © 2013 Jun Wu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Due to the intensive demand in the development of superhydrophobic surfaces both in theory and application, superhydrophobic research on ZnO materials has exponentially grown over the last several years. One of the main advantages of the ZnO materials is the relative easiness to produce various surface morphologies, which is quite meaningful to study the influence of morphology on wetting property. The synthesis approaches of ZnO materials include thermal oxidization, hydrothermal method, chemical etching, spray coating technique, electrochemical method, and others. This review is a representation of the recent achievement on ZnO superhydrophobic surfaces.