Effects of Cryogenic Treatment and Tempering on Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of 0.25C-0.80Si-1.6Mn SteelRead the full article
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering publishes research in all areas of materials science and engineering, including the synthesis and properties of materials, and their applications in engineering applications.
Chief Editor, Amit Bandyopadhyay, is based at Washington State University and is interested in the fields of additive manufacturing or 3D printing of advanced materials. His current research is focused on metal additive manufacturing, biomedical devices and multi‑materials structures.
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Investigating Automobile Passengers’ Comfort and Safety on Scenic Road Using Sideway Force Coefficient
To satisfy passengers’ experiential demand in scenic roads, a study on passengers’ comfort in the aspect of horizontal curve design is stated in this study. A new indicator sideway force coefficient (SFC) describing passengers’ comfort is introduced, which differs from lateral acceleration. The mechanism of SFC is provided depending on the dynamic balance condition of the vehicle on horizontal curve and representing passengers’ comfort tolerance limitation is investigated. A large scale naturalistic driving experiments along a park road are conducted, and the value from naturalistic driving experiments is verified through numerical simulation of 15 horizontal curves from 5 scenic roads from the perspectives of both passengers’ comfort and driving safety. The statistical analysis on data collected in field tests indicates that age and gender have no effect on , and the value of is determined as 0.291. The corresponding minimum radius limits under 20–60 km/h and superelevation 6%, 8%, and 10% are proposed. The numerical simulation denotes, when satisfying the comfort demand of passengers (SFC less than 0.291), the lateral distance path is in a safe range, which could also satisfy the safe driving requirements. Thus, and minimum radius limits proposed in this study are proved to be credible and appropriate for the curve design of horizontal alignment in scenic roads.
The Effect of Acid Mine Drainage Corrosion on the Creep Deformation of Cemented Gangue Backfill
Acid mine drainage (AMD) is a hazardous by-product of coal mining, which may intensify the creep deformation of cemented gangue backfill (CGB) in solid backfill mining. In this study, the long-term stability and creep property of CGB soaked in AMD were quantitatively measured by experimental and theoretical analysis. The uniaxial compressive strength, elastic modulus, and mass of CGB soaked in AMD, with pH of 5.56 and soaking time of 30 to 360 days, were tested. The change trend of compressive strength, elasticity modulus, and mass first increased, then decreased, and finally ended at 94.37%, 96.68%, and 98.00%, respectively. The respective creep processes of CGB soaked in AMD and untreated CGB were similar, initial creep stage lasted only for a short time, and no creep deformation occurred in the steady creep stage. Moreover, the long-term strength of CGB soaked in AMD was 98.6% of the untreated CGB. The creep law of the CGB soaked in AMD was accurately fitted by using the Kelvin model. The theoretical analysis revealed that the final creep deformation of the CGB column soaked in AMD was only 4.4 mm. The results of this paper show the possibility of using CGB in AMD-accumulating goaf.
Preparation of Lignite Dust Suppressant by Compound Surfactants and Effect of Inorganic Salt on Dust Suppressant
In order to improve the safety, operability, and cleanability of the dust suppressant, this paper uses the surfactant monomers selected in the previous experiment as the main material formula and adds the inorganic salt as the synergist to prepare the dust suppressant for the PMX. The wetting property of the solution was characterized by the surface tension and contact angle of the pressed coal pieces. The sedimentation experiment was used to screen the compounding system of the surfactant. Finally, the dust suppressant was used to reduce the dust of the PMX in the coal dust simulation system. The results show that (1) the surfactant compounding system can effectively improve the wetting property and the sedimentation time of coal dust. The fast penetration T (0.06%), SDBS (0.15%), and APG (0.20%) are the preferred main ingredients. (2) Adding inorganic salts on the basis of compounding, according to the effect of inorganic salts on the effect of dust suppressant, it is concluded that NaCl (1.00%) is the best synergist. (3) In order to save costs, reduce the amount of surfactant. According to the simulated dust reduction experiment, formula N: anionic surfactant SDBS (0.06%), anionic surfactant fast-permeability T (0.06%), and inorganic salt NaCl (1.00%) are the best for PMX dust fall.
Influence of the Drive Plate with Different Surface Textures on the Property of Carbonyl Iron-Based Magnetorheological Fluid
Aiming to study the effect of drive plate with different surface topographies on the wear property of magnetorheological fluid (MRF), some specific experiments are carried out and analyzed in this paper. Firstly, experiment materials and test methods for MRF are elaborated, and four different surface topography drive plates are designed and manufactured. MRF test-bed is built up to test the rheological properties of MRF. Moreover, the surface morphology of particles is taken using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Finally, experimental results show that there are remarkable influences on tribological properties of carbonyl iron-based MRF with different drive plates. Therefore, the drive plate with specific surface topography can meet the needs of different MRF transmission systems.
Numerical Modelling of Clay Seal Maturation in Deep Boreholes with Nuclear Waste
One of the major challenges of high-level nuclear waste (HLW) isolation in deep boreholes is to anticipate the maturation behaviour of swelling clay when the waste, surrounded by dense clay encased in perforated tubes, is submerged into the borehole mud. The ultimate homogeneity of this clay seal acting as a barrier is expected to stabilize the borehole and to prevent possible leakage of radioactivity. In this study, a numerical model for predicting the maturation of the clay barrier has been developed. In the model, the water transport is controlled by the differences in the suction potential and the permeability. The model is able to simulate the maturation process, both the expeditious water transport and the clay migration into the surrounding mud, from beginning to end. Results from laboratory tests of the clay maturation were compared with the predictions made by the model. They are in good agreement, but refinement is proposed by taking the impact of the tube perforation on the maturation rate into more consideration. The proposed numerical model will also be useful in selecting a suitable design for clay barriers in HLW boreholes. Different combinations of clay dimensions and initial densities of mud and dense clay can thus be studied to determine the final homogenization and the end densities.
The Use of Agricultural Waste Straw to Enhance Loess Shearing Behaviour: An Experimental Investigation
Strata erosion in northwest China has become an engineering concern as a result of overdevelopment of land. This issue is more distinct for loess soil than other soils since it is characterised by metastable microstructure, high porosity, and water sensitivity. This study explores the potential for the use of agricultural waste straw as a recycled reinforcement material to form the enhanced shearing behaviour towards preventing instability of the loess body. The stress-strain relation and the pore pressure behaviour of Lantian loess and reinforced Lantian loess were studied using the conventional triaxial compression (CTC) stress path for three different confining pressures. Comparison with Jingyang loess and Delhi silt of similar relative fraction of silt to clay, sheared under the reduced triaxial compression (RTC) stress path and the reduced triaxial extension (RTE) stress paths, respectively, was conducted, with emphasis on strength uniqueness and critical state behaviour, to shed light on the effect of waste straw inclusions. The results indicate that the stress path in undrained compression and extension tests had a pronounced effect on the stress-strain relation of the studied soils. Insertion of the waste straw in Lantian loess restrained the development of volumetric deformation, producing higher pore pressures than Lantian loess (unreinforced). This study explores an exciting potential for the use of agricultural waste straw to prevent instability of the loess body in hilly-gullied regions of northwest China when subjected to quick surface thick fills.