Investigation on Dielectric Properties of Press Board Coated with Epoxy Resin, Quartz, and Rice Husk AshRead the full article
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering publishes research in all areas of materials science and engineering, including the synthesis and properties of materials, and their applications in engineering applications.
Chief Editor, Amit Bandyopadhyay, is based at Washington State University and is interested in the fields of additive manufacturing or 3D printing of advanced materials. His current research is focused on metal additive manufacturing, biomedical devices and multi‑materials structures.
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Preparation and Photocatalytic Performance of ZnO/Sepiolite Composite Materials
Photocatalytic technology is a widely used water treatment method, whose efficiency can be increased by developing a suitable photocatalyst fabrication procedure. In this study, five different synthesis methods were utilised for the preparation of novel ZnO/sepiolite photolytic composites, namely, sol-gel method, hydrothermal reduction, hydrolytic precipitation, powder sintering, and impregnation-reduction. The obtained photocatalysts were characterised by scanning electron microscopy, infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction. The differences between the applied photocatalyst preparation methods and the reasons for these differences were discussed, and the photocatalytic activities of the prepared composite materials were compared. The obtained results revealed that the physical structure, chemical properties, and photocatalytic performance of the composite produced by the sol-gel method were superior to those of the materials fabricated by the other four methods. Moreover, this material also exhibited high photocatalytic stability, while its photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue dye proceeded via a quasi-first-order reaction. The prepared composites have broad application prospects in photocatalysis and can be potentially used for treating environmental pollutants.
Study on Deformation and Stability of Rock-Like Materials Retaining Structure during Collaborative Construction of Super-Adjacent Underground Project
The collaborative construction of undercrossing tunneling of Gongchang Road and the adjacent Metro Line 6 extension station section in Shenzhen is difficult and of high risk. In view of these characteristics, this paper studied the deformation and stability of rock-like material retaining structures in the process of underground engineering collaboration by combining the measured deformation data and the circular slide theory based on the limit equilibrium method. The results show that due to the difference between the supporting systems of rock-like materials on both sides and other reasons, the upper part of the retaining structure and the limited soil in the adjacent area tilt greatly to one side at the same time, and the surface settlement in the limited soil area also increases with the increase of the excavation depth of the foundation pit. On the basis of measured deformation data analysis, the mechanical model for calculating the stability concerning the relationship between the adjacent distance L of the deep foundation pit and the vertical distance between the lowest support of the foundation pit and the bottom of retaining structures was established. Then, the calculation formula for the against basal heave stability covering different adjacent degrees was established. Besides, the applicability of the calculation method was verified by combining it with the actual engineering and related prediction theories, which further proves that the research results have certain theoretical value and engineering significance, and can provide a reference for the rock-like material retaining structures design and stability analysis of similar projects.
Influence of Crack on Concrete Damage in Salt-Freezing Environment
The damage development trend of concrete with cracks in salt-freezing environment is systematically studied. The cracks are also tested in intact concrete for comparison, and crack characterization is introduced. The mass loss, the relative dynamic elastic modulus, and the change of crack width are analyzed. Results show that the crack width increases as the salt-freezing cycle progresses. Following the development trend of the cracks, concrete cracks can be divided into three categories: 0–40, 40–100, and 100–150 μm. The mass loss increases significantly, and the change of relative dynamic elastic modulus decreases in concrete with an initial crack compared with the intact concrete. When the crack width is 80 μm, a maximum mass loss rate of 0.19% and a minimum relative dynamic elastic modulus of 75.81% can be obtained. These test results prove that crack and freeze-thaw coupling can influence each other and accelerate the failure of concrete. Overall, this study can serve as a basis for the durability design and life improvement of concrete structures.
Numerical Investigation on the Hydraulic Fracture Evolution of Jointed Shale
Joints are a common structure of heterogeneous shale rock masses, and in situ stress is the environment in which heterogeneous rock masses can be found. The existence of joint plane and confining pressure difference influences the physical properties of shale and propagation of fractures. In this study, jointed shale specimens were simulated under different confining pressures to explore the failure patterns and fracture propagation behavior of hydraulic fracturing. Different from the common research of hydraulic fracturing on signal parallel joint rock mass, the simulations in this study considered three points (parallel joint, multi-dip angle joint, and no-joint points). The effects of the single-dip angle joint, multi-dip angle joint, and confining pressure difference on the hydraulic fracture evolution and stress evolution of the jointed shale were studied comprehensively. The confining pressure difference coefficient proposed in this study was used to accurately describe the confining pressure difference. Results indicate that the larger is the confining pressure difference, the stronger is the control of the maximum principal stress on fracture evolution; by contrast, the smaller is the confining pressure difference, the stronger is the control of the joint plane on fracture evolution. Under the same confining pressure difference, the hydraulic fracture propagates more easily along the small dip angle joint plane. As the value of the confining pressure difference coefficient moves closer to zero, the hydraulic fracture propagates randomly, the tensile stress region around the fracture tip widens, and the joint planes fractured by tensile increase. This study can offer valuable guidance to the design of unconventional reservoir reconstruction.
Study on the Mechanical Properties of Red Clay under Drying-Wetting Cycles
To study the mechanical properties of red clay under repeated dry and wet cycle test conditions, in this paper, the disturbed red clay in an engineering area in Liuzhou, Guangxi Province, was taken as the research object. By artificially controlling different dry and wet cycles in the laboratory, a direct shear test and triaxial consolidation drainage test were carried out on the red clay samples after different dry and wet cycles. The stress-strain curve and change rule of corresponding c and φ values were obtained. The results showed that, in both the direct shear test and the triaxial test, the shear strength parameters of red clay decreased with an increase in the number of dry and wet cycles and the attenuation was most obvious during the first cycle. With an increase in the number of dry and wet cycles, the attenuation gradually decreased. The constitutive model of the deviatoric stress and strain curve of red clay under dry and wet cycles was a plastic-hardening type. By analyzing the variation in parameters in the P-H model, the relationship between c, φ, and the number of dry and wet cycles n was obtained. The results showed that the parameters had different degrees of attenuation with the action of dry and wet cycles. To explain the above rules, some samples under different drying-wetting cycles were selected for environmental electron microscope scanning, and appropriate assumptions were made based on the microstructure.
Energy Analysis Method for Uniaxial Compression Test of Sandstone under Static and Quasi-Dynamic Loading Rates
To investigate the energy evolution characteristics of sandstone under static-quasi-dynamic loading rates (1.0 × 10−3, 5.0 × 10−3, 1.0 × 10−2, 5.0 × 10−2, and 1.0 × 10−1 mm/s), the uniaxial compression tests, the uniaxial cyclic loading-unloading tests, and the uniaxial incrementally cyclic loading-unloading tests were conducted under five different loading rates. Through analysis of the elastic energy of the uniaxial cyclic loading-unloading test and the uniaxial incremental cyclic loading-unloading test, show that the impact of the loading rate and the cycle numbers on the elastic energy is less. Hence, we can deem that when the loads of the uniaxial incremental cyclic loading-unloading test and the uniaxial compression test are equal, the elastic energy of the two also equals. The energy in the uniaxial compression tests analyzed by the uniaxial incrementally cyclic loading-unloading test show that elastic energy increased linearly when the input energy increased under different loading rates. Through the linear energy storage law and the uniaxial incremental cyclic loading and unloading test, it is possible to analyze the energy in the uniaxial compression test at any loading rates. The results show that the greater the loading rate, the greater the peak elastic energy and peak input energy. But when the load is equal, the greater the loading rate, the smaller the input energy and elastic energy. Compared with traditional methods, the new energy analysis method is accurate and simple. Meanwhile, based on energy dissipation, the damage of rock during uniaxial compression tests was studied.