Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
 Journal metrics
Acceptance rate33%
Submission to final decision71 days
Acceptance to publication29 days
CiteScore2.300
Journal Citation Indicator0.240
Impact Factor1.726

Article of the Year 2020

Calculation and Estimation of Surface Roughness and Energy Consumption in Milling of 6061 Alloy

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 Journal profile

Advances in Materials Science and Engineering publishes research in all areas of materials science and engineering, including the synthesis and properties of materials, and their applications in engineering applications.

 Editor spotlight

Chief Editor, Amit Bandyopadhyay, is based at Washington State University and is interested in  the fields of additive manufacturing or 3D printing of advanced materials. His current research is focused on metal additive manufacturing, biomedical devices and multi‑materials structures.

 Special Issues

We currently have a number of Special Issues open for submission. Special Issues highlight emerging areas of research within a field, or provide a venue for a deeper investigation into an existing research area.

Latest Articles

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Research Article

Experimental Study on Temperature Field Evolution Mechanism of Artificially Frozen Gravel Formation under Groundwater Seepage Flow

Artificially ground freezing method is increasingly applied in formations with high permeability. The groundwater seepage flow should be considered because an excessive groundwater seepage flow would make the merging of the frozen wall challenging. Therefore, in this study, we investigate the temperature field and frozen wall merging characteristics at varying groundwater seepage flow rates in gravel formation. Results show that the heat exchange between the seepage flow and freezing pipes delays the merging of the frozen wall and reduces its total thickness. The groundwater seepage flow restricts the freezing of the upstream zone and accelerates the freezing of the downstream zone. The upstream and downstream temperature fields are symmetrical in nonseepage flow conditions but are asymmetrical in the presence of seepage flow. The merged frozen wall presents an arched shape and shifts to the downstream zone. The “scouring effect” and “water barrier effect” simultaneously act on the merging process of the frozen wall. The total thickness of the frozen wall decreases by more than 30% when the flow rate increases from 0 to 5.0 m/d. Optimising the layout of the freezing pipes in gravel formations is a reasonable solution for a safe and economical design.

Research Article

Examination of Machining Parameters and Prediction of Cutting Velocity and Surface Roughness Using RSM and ANN Using WEDM of Altemp HX

The Altemp HX is a nickel-based superalloy having many applications in chemical, nuclear, aerospace, and marine industries. Machining such superalloys is challenging as it may cause both tool and surface damage. WEDM, a non-contact machining technique, can be employed in the machining of such alloys. In the present study, different input parameters which include pulse on time, wire span, and servo gap voltage were investigated. The cutting velocity, surface roughness, recast layer, and microhardness variations were examined on the WEDMed surface. The genetic algorithm was used to optimize the cutting velocity and surface roughness, thereby improving the overall quality of the product. The highest recast layer values were recorded as 25.8 µm, and the lowest microhardness was 170 HV. Response surface methodology and artificial neural network were employed for the prediction of cutting velocity and surface roughness. Artificial neural network prediction technique was the most efficient method for the prediction of response parameters as it predicted an error percentage lesser than 6%.

Review Article

Biomaterials and Biological Parameters for Fixed-Prosthetic Implant-Supported Restorations: A Review Study

Because of the increasing use of dental implants, dental practitioners should understand the treatment and nature of peri-implant diseases (PIDs). This disease is a serious problem of dentistry, regarding epidemiology and therapy. Due to the increase in the practice of implantology as well as the increased number of implants placed every year, the rate of PID has widely increased. Peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis, gingivitis, and periodontitis are common clinical manifestations of the disease. PIDs are caused by chronic inflammatory processes in the tissues around an intraoral implant, with increasing incidence, and have become a health concern. Bacterial infections are involved in the pathogenesis of these diseases. The imbalance between the host response and bacterial biofilm results in tissue destruction. New challenges lie in the prevention, treatment, and diagnosis of PIDs. The aim of this overview was to focus on the nature of the disease itself, useful diagnostic criteria, common responsible bacteria, and the prosthetic effects of fixed restorations on the health of the periodontium since recognizing the parameters involved in the development of periodontal and PIDs will play a crucial role in preventing the progression and minimizing the complications of these diseases having a fixed prosthesis.

Research Article

Device for Simulating Fluid Microgravity Environment Based on Magnetic Compensation Method and Research on Magnetic Fluid Lubrication Performance of Oil Film Bearing

At present, with the rapid development of the material market, the requirements of high performance and high precision of materials are increasingly exposed. Nanomagnetic fluid materials are more and more widely used in oil film bearings, but their compressive strength and performance are insufficient, which is difficult to meet the current requirements of material chemical properties. First of all, a device for simulating a microgravity environment with magnetic compensation is fabricated. Then, in the microgravity environment, according to the different proportions of magnetic solid particles, the base carrier liquid and the surfactant are mixed to produce nanomagnetic fluid and the nanomagnetic fluid with different composition proportions is prepared by adjusting the proportion of ferrous and ferric ions. Finally, the lubrication performance of oil film-bearing magnetic fluid with different composition ratios was tested. The results show that when the ratio of Fe2+ to Fe3+ is between 11 : 20 and 13 : 20, the MHD (magnetohydrodynamics) lubrication performance of oil film bearing is in the peak region. When the ratio is 3 : 5, the best lubrication performance can be achieved. When it is slightly higher than this ratio, the oxidation rate is accelerated due to more ferrous ions. Although it can have a good lubrication effect, it is easy to cause the overall fluidity of oil film-bearing magnetic fluid to deteriorate. Therefore, the oil film bearing nano-MHD with the ratio of 3 : 5 ferrous to ferric has the best lubrication performance in the microgravity environment simulated by magnetic compensation. Experiments have shown that when the magnetic fluid is heated in a magnetic field, the temperature gradient will cause the magnetization to change, which makes the magnetic force experienced by the liquid in each part different, causing convection. Therefore, by selecting the direction of the magnetic field and the heating surface, by applying an external magnetic field or promoting convection, or suppressing convection, convection in the opposite direction to the natural convection of gravity can also be realized. Moreover, magnetism can immediately promote high-temperature boiling, generate bubbles, and eliminate the generation of bubbles to promote heat transfer. With the above effects, the heat conduction between the heating wall and the liquid can be controlled, and its practical and potential application fields are very wide.

Research Article

Temperature Field of Concrete Cured in Winter Conditions Using Thermal Control Measures

In order to obtain the construction technology of concrete construction at extreme low temperature and ensure the construction quality of concrete in winter, this study investigated the temperature field and compressive performance of concrete specimens cured in the laboratory at a temperature of −10°C using different thermal control measures. A finite element model of the observed temperature field was then established and shown to be in good agreement with the test results. This model was applied to analyse the factors influencing thermally controlled low-temperature concrete curing in winter. The results showed that concrete cast at −10°C using rock wool insulation covering and heated formwork for thermal control met the relevant performance requirements. Finally, the proposed temperature field model and thermal control measures were successfully applied to the construction of a concrete box girder in winter conditions.

Research Article

Study on Mechanical Properties and Optimum Fiber Content for Basalt/Polyacrylonitrile Hybrid Fiber Reinforced Concrete

In order to obtain the design method of hybrid fiber reinforced concrete with better mechanical properties, the hybrid effect of fiber and the optimal fiber dosage are studied. In this paper, basalt fiber (B fiber) and polyacrylonitrile fiber (P fiber) were adopted. The mechanical properties such as compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, and bending toughness of concrete specimens with different fiber volumes were tested. The compressive strength, compressive modulus of elasticity, tensile strength, flexural capacity, and bending stress-strain curves of concrete with different fiber volumes were obtained, and the coefficient of hybrid effect and the ratio of toughness were calculated accordingly. The results show that the addition of fiber has little effect on the compressive modulus of elasticity of concrete, and the tensile strength, flexural strength, and toughness ratio are significantly increased, but the compressive strength is slightly decreased. The mechanical properties of hybrid fiber reinforced concrete, such as compressive strength, tensile strength, flexural strength, and toughness ratio, are better than those of single fiber reinforced concrete. The analysis of the fiber hybrid effect coefficient shows that there is a good hybrid effect between the two types of fibers. When the volume contents of B fiber and P fiber are, respectively, 0.15% and 0.11%, the comprehensive mechanical property of fiber reinforced concrete is the best. Meanwhile, the mechanical properties of the early-age concrete (3 d and 7 d) with this admixture are better than those of the plain concrete.

Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
 Journal metrics
Acceptance rate33%
Submission to final decision71 days
Acceptance to publication29 days
CiteScore2.300
Journal Citation Indicator0.240
Impact Factor1.726
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Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.