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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 243515, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/243515
Review Article

Studies in Finishing Effects of Clay Mineral in Polymers and Synthetic Fibers

Textile Engineering Department, FE, Balochistan University of Information Technology, Engineering and Management Sciences, Airport Road, BALALI, Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan

Received 13 May 2013; Revised 13 September 2013; Accepted 14 September 2013

Academic Editor: Wei Wu

Copyright © 2013 Faheem Uddin. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The use of clay mineral in modifying the properties of polymeric material is improved in application. The current interest in modifying the polymeric materials, particularly polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene, and nylon using clay mineral for improved flame retardancy, thermal stability, peak heat release rate, fracture, and strength properties generated significant research literature. This paper aims to review some of the important recent modification achieved in the performance of polymeric materials using organoclay mineral. Degradation of clay mineral-polymer (nm) composite is discussed with appropriate known examples. Clay mineral (nm) loading of 5 wt.% to 7 wt.% that was significantly smaller than the percent loading of conventional fillers in polymeric materials introduced significant improvement in terms of thermal and physical stability. An attempt is made to emphasize flammability and thermal stability and to indicate the areas that are relatively little explored in modification of fiber-forming polymers to enhance further research interest.