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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 434975, 10 pages
Research Article

Influence of pH and Fluoride Species on the Corrosion Behavior of Ti-xNb-13Zr Alloys in Ringer’s Solution

Departamento de Engenharia de Materiais, Escola de Engenharia de Lorena, Universidade de São Paulo, 12600 000 Lorena, SP, Brazil

Received 24 May 2013; Accepted 5 October 2013

Academic Editor: Luigi Nicolais

Copyright © 2013 A. Robin and O. A. S. Carvalho. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Ti-Nb-Zr alloys are interesting materials for implant applications due to the atoxic character of the Nb and Zr alloying elements and to their low elastic modulus when compared to CP-Ti. In this work, the corrosion behaviour of CP-Ti, Ti-5Nb-13Zr, Ti-13Nb-13Zr, and Ti-20Nb-13Zr alloys was investigated in Ringer’s solution of pH 2, 5, and 7.5 without fluorides and containing 1000 ppm F at 37°C, through open-circuit potential measurements, potentiodynamic polarization, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The four materials showed a passive behavior in Ringer's solution without fluorides for pH ranging from 2 to 7.5 and in Ringer's solution of pH 5 and 7.5 containing 1000 ppm F but presented an active behavior in Ringer's solution of pH 2 containing fluorides. The corrosion resistance of all materials in Ringer's solution decreases with both decrease of pH and addition of fluorides. Ti-13Nb-13Zr alloy is a little more corrosion resistant than the Ti-5Nb-13Zr and Ti-20Nb-13Zr alloys and, in most conditions, the Ti-Nb-Zr alloys present higher corrosion resistance than CP-Ti.