Advances in Materials Science and Engineering / 2013 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Wood versus Plant Fibers: Similarities and Differences in Composite Applications

Table 1

Chemical composition and ultrastructure of wood and plant fibers.

Chemical compositionUltrastructure Reference
Cellulose
(% w/w)
Hemicellulose
(% w/w)
Lignin
(% w/w)
Microfibril angle
(degrees)
Cellulose crystallinity
(% w/w)

Wood fibers
 Spruce [25]
 Pine [26]
 Pine (kraft pulp) [27]
 Cedar [28]
 Balsa [26]
 Birch [26]
 Poplar [28]
 Soft wood3–50[12]
Plant fibers
 Hemp [25]
 Hemp [29]
 Hemp (retted) [20]
 Hemp (scutched) [29]
 Flax (cottonized) [29]
 Hemp (textile) [14]
 Hemp and flax6–10[13]

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