Advances in Materials Science and Engineering / 2013 / Article / Tab 2

Review Article

Wood versus Plant Fibers: Similarities and Differences in Composite Applications

Table 2

Tensile properties of wood and plant fiber composites. The type of fiber preforms used for the composites is given, in addition to their nominal fiber orientation; in-plane random (RD) and unidirectional (UD). For means of comparison, tensile properties of glass and carbon fiber composites are shown.

Fiber
content
(% v/v)
Tensile propertiesReference
Stiffness
(GPa)
Strength
(MPa)

Wood fiber composites
 Wood pulp/PP1; RD [30]
 Eucalyptus saw dust/UP1; RD [31]
 Kraft + TMP/PP; RD [32]
 Sulphite pulp/PP1; RD [33]
 Kraft/PF—paper; RD72 a26.2 247[34]
 Kraft/PF—paper; RD72 b11.7 156[34]
Plant fiber composites
 Flax/starch—loose fibers1; RD [35]
 Jute/PP—non-woven mat; RD [36]
 Jute/PP—non-woven mat; RD [37]
 Flax/PLA—non-crimp fabric; UD [38]
 Flax/epoxy—non-crimp fabric; UD [39]
 Flax/epoxy—yarn2; UD [40]
 Flax/PET—yarn2; UD [41]
Glass fiber composites
 Glass/PP— loose fibers1; RD [42]
 Glass/PP—chopped strand mat; RD [44]
 Glass/epoxy—roving; UD [45]
 Glass/PP—roving2; UD [43]
Carbon fiber composites
 Carbonc/epoxy—roving; UD Calculated
 Carbond/epoxy—roving; UD Calculated

Injection molding; 2filament-winding.
aMachine direction; bcross direction; chigh modulus fibers; dhigh strength fibers.

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