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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 754162, 12 pages
Research Article

A Frame Element Model for the Nonlinear Analysis of FRP-Strengthened Masonry Panels Subjected to In-Plane Loads

Department of Civil and Mechanical Engineering (DICeM), University of Cassino and Southern Lazio, Via G. Di Biasio 43, 0043 Cassino, Italy

Received 20 May 2013; Accepted 1 August 2013

Academic Editor: Vladimir Tsukruk

Copyright © 2013 Ernesto Grande et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A frame element model for evaluating the nonlinear response of unstrengthened and FRP-strengthened masonry panels subjected to in-plane vertical and lateral loads is presented. The proposed model, based on some assumptions concerning the constitutive behaviour of masonry and FRP material, considers the panel discretized in frame elements with geometrical and mechanical properties derived on the basis of the different states characterizing the sectional behaviour. The reliability of the proposed model is assessed by considering some experimental cases deduced from the literature.