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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2014, Article ID 138789, 6 pages
Research Article

Effects of Additives and Sintering Time on the Microstructure of Ni-Zn Ferrite and Its Electrical and Magnetic Properties

1Materials Synthesis and Characterization Laboratory, Institute of Advanced Technology (ITMA), Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
2Physics Department, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Received 28 August 2014; Revised 1 December 2014; Accepted 4 December 2014; Published 24 December 2014

Academic Editor: You Song

Copyright © 2014 Abdollah Hajalilou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This work aims to investigate the relationship between the microstructure of Ni-Zn ferrite and its electrical and magnetic properties in the presence and absence of as small amounts as 0.12% of 0.4CaO + 0.8SiO2 over different sintering times. The X-ray diffraction pattern showed a single spinel phase formation in all the samples. The results indicate that grain growth occurred by increasing sintering time from 15 to 270 min in the two types of samples prepared in this study although it was greatly impeded by the additive oxides. Moreover, the oxides increase the resistivity of the ferrite and decrease its zinc loss. Magnetic properties such as induction magnetization () and saturation magnetization () decreased in the presence of the additives while its coercivity () increased. Finally, the density of the samples was observed to increase with increasing sintering time in both types of the samples but with a higher value in the samples with no additives.