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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2014, Article ID 274071, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/274071
Research Article

Acoustic Emission Measurement by Fiber Bragg Grating Glued to Cylindrical Sensor Holder

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kansai University, Yamatecho 3-3-35, Suita, Osaka 564-8680, Japan
2Graduate School of Engineering, Kansai University, Yamatecho 3-3-35, Suita, Osaka 564-8680, Japan

Received 10 October 2013; Revised 11 December 2013; Accepted 12 December 2013; Published 10 February 2014

Academic Editor: Noriah Bidin

Copyright © 2014 Masanori Takuma et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Fiber Bragg grating (FBG) is an optical fiber sensor and is suitable for acoustic emission (AE) measurements of structures such as chemical plants that require water resistance, explosion proofing, and so forth, However, directionality has been a problem in conventional usage which glues the grating range of an FBG to the inspection surface. This study proposes a cylinder-FBG (C-FBG) sensor with the FBG glued to a cylindrical sensor holder. Effectiveness of the sensor was evaluated by characterizing directionality and frequency sensitivity of the sensor and by comparing the detected AE signals in a 3-point bending test of a carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) laminate against a conventional wide-band piezoelectric AE sensor. The features of the detected signals were similar to the signals detected by the wide-band AE sensor. These results show that it is possible to produce a wide-band cylindrical sensor without the directionality limitations of the conventional usage of FBG.