Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2014, Article ID 538651, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/538651
Research Article

Effect of Filler Loading on Mechanical and Tribological Properties of Wood Apple Shell Reinforced Epoxy Composite

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, NIT, Rourkela, Odisha 769008, India
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, NIT, Warangal, 506004 Andhra Pradesh, India

Received 30 May 2013; Revised 20 November 2013; Accepted 11 December 2013; Published 4 February 2014

Academic Editor: Markku Leskela

Copyright © 2014 Ojha Shakuntala et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. Rout, M. Misra, S. S. Tripathy, S. K. Nayak, and A. K. Mohanty, “The influence of fibre treatment of the performance of coir-polyester composites,” Composites Science and Technology, vol. 61, no. 9, pp. 1303–1310, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. A. K. Rana, A. Mandal, and S. Bandyopadhyay, “Short jute fiber reinforced polypropylene composites: effect of compatibiliser, impact modifier and fiber loading,” Composites Science and Technology, vol. 63, no. 6, pp. 801–806, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. V. Joshi, L. T. Drzal, A. K. Mohanty, and S. Arora, “Are natural fiber composites environmentally superior to glass fiber reinforced composites?” Composites A, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 371–376, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. S. K. Nayak, S. Mohanty, and S. K. Samal, “Influence of short bamboo/glass fiber on the thermal, dynamic mechanical and rheological properties of polypropylene hybrid composites,” Materials Science and Engineering A, vol. 523, no. 1-2, pp. 32–38, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. H. Pihtili and N. Tosun, “Investigation of the wear behaviour of a glass-fibre-reinforced composite and plain polyester resin,” Composites Science and Technology, vol. 62, no. 3, pp. 367–370, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. N. Chand, A. Naik, and S. Neogi, “Three-body abrasive wear of short glass fibre polyester composite,” Wear, vol. 242, no. 1-2, pp. 38–46, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. I. Z. Bujang, M. K. Awang, and A. E. Ismail, “Study on the dynamic characteristic of coconut fiber reinforced composites,” in Proceedings of the Regional Conference on Engineering Mathematics, Mechanics, Manufacturing and Architechture, Putrajaya, Malaysia, 2007.
  8. H. P. S. Abdul Khalil, S. Hanida, C. W. Kang, and N. A. N. Fuaad, “Agro-hybrid composite: the effects on mechanical and physical properties of oil palm fiber (EFB)/glass hybrid reinforced polyester composites,” Journal of Reinforced Plastics & Composites, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 203–218, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S.-Y. Fu, X. Y. Hu, and C.-Y. Yue, “The flexural modulus of misaligned short-fiber-reinforced polymers,” Composites Science and Technology, vol. 59, no. 10, pp. 1533–1542, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. R. M. N. Arib, S. M. Sapuan, M. M. H. M. Ahmad, M. T. Paridah, and H. M. D. Khairul Zaman, “Mechanical properties of pineapple leaf fibre reinforced polypropylene composites,” Materials & Design, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 391–396, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. L. Y. Mwaikambo and E. T. N. Bisanda, “Performance of cotton-kapok fabric-polyester composites,” Polymer Testing, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 181–198, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. H. Aireddy and S. C. Mishra, “Tribological behaviour and mechanical properties of bio-waste reinforced polymer matrix composites,” Journal of Metallurgy and Materials Science, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 139–152, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  13. F. M. Margem, S. N. Monteiro, J. B. Neto, R. J. S. Rodriguez, and B. G. Soares, “The dynamic-mechanical behavior of epoxy matrix composites reinforced with ramie fibers,” Revista Matéria, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 167–175, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. G. Sui, S. Jana, A. Salehi-khojin et al., “Preparation and properties of natural sand particles reinforced epoxy composites,” Macromolecular Materials and Engineering, vol. 292, no. 4, pp. 467–473, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. A. Hager, K. Friedrich, Y. A. Dzenis et al., “Studies of erosion wear of advanced polymer composites,” in Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM '95), K. Street and B. C. Whistler, Eds., pp. 155–162, Wood Head, British Columbia, Canada, 1995.
  16. M. Roy, B. Vishwanathan, and G. Sundararajan, “The solid particle erosion of polymer matrix composites,” Wear, vol. 171, no. 1-2, pp. 149–161, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. J. J. Rajesh, J. Bijwe, U. S. Tewari, and B. Venkataraman, “Erosive wear behavior of various polyamides,” Wear, vol. 249, no. 8, pp. 702–714, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. G. Anusha, “The removal of iron from wastewater using wood apple shell as adsorbent,” in Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology (IPCBEE '11), vol. 6, IACSIT Press, Singapore.
  19. R. Ahmad and R. Kumar, “Adsorptive removal of congo red dye from aqueous solution using bael shell carbon,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 257, no. 5, pp. 1628–1633, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. K. Begum and M. A. Islam, “Natural fiber as a substitute to synthetic fiber in polymer composites: a review,” Research Journal of Engineering Sciences, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 46–53, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  21. K. Joseph, S. Varghese, G. Kalaprasad et al., “Influence of interfacial adhesion on the mechanical properties and fracture behaviour of short sisal fibre reinforced polymer composites,” European Polymer Journal, vol. 32, no. 10, pp. 1243–1250, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. H. Ismail, M. R. Edyham, and B. Wirjosentono, “Bamboo fibre filled natural rubber composites: the effects of filler loading and bonding agent,” Polymer Testing, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 139–144, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. W. Yao and Z. Li, “Flexural behavior of bamboo-fiber-reinforced mortar laminates,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 15–19, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. Kumar and B. Kumar, “Study of mechanical properties of coconut shell particle and coir fibre reinforced epoxy composite,” International Journal of Advances in Engineering Research, vol. 4, no. 2, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  25. S. Ojha, R. Gujjala, S. K. Acharya et al., “Fabrication and study of mechanical properties of orange PEEL reinforced polymer composite,” Caspian Journal of Applied Sciences Research, vol. 1, no. 13, pp. 190–194, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  26. K. K. Basumatary and S. K. Acharya, “Investigation into mechanical properties of Ipomoea carnea reinforced epoxy composite,” International Journal of Macromolecular Science, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 11–15, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  27. L. U. Devi, S. S. Bhagawan, and S. Thomas, “Mechanical properties of pineapple leaf fiber-reinforced polyester composites,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 64, no. 9, pp. 1739–1748, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. M. M. Rahman, S. Zainuddin, M. V. Hosur et al., “Effect of NH2-MWCNTs on crosslink density of epoxy matrix and ILSS properties of e-glass/epoxy composites,” Composite Structures, vol. 95, pp. 213–221, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. S. Mohanty, S. K. Verma, and S. K. Nayak, “Dynamic mechanical and thermal properties of MAPE treated jute/HDPE composites,” Composites Science and Technology, vol. 66, no. 3-4, pp. 538–547, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. H. Kishi and A. Fujita, “Wood-based epoxy resins and the ramie fiber reinforced composites,” Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 517–523, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. J. C. Arnold and I. M. Hutchings, “Erosive wear of rubber by solid particles at normal incidence,” Wear, vol. 161, no. 1-2, pp. 213–221, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. J. C. Arnold and I. M. Hutchings, “Model for the erosive wear of rubber at oblique impact angles,” Journal of Physics D, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. A222–A229, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus