Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2014, Article ID 938961, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/938961
Research Article

Study of the Mechanical and Morphology Properties of Recycled HDPE Composite Using Rice Husk Filler

1Faculty of Applied Science, UCSI University, 56000 Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

Received 22 May 2013; Revised 26 December 2013; Accepted 27 December 2013; Published 18 February 2014

Academic Editor: Luigi Nicolais

Copyright © 2014 Jia Ying Tong et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. G. Pritchard, “Two technologies merge: wood plastic composites,” Plastics, Additives and Compounding, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 18–21, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. A. Ashori, “Wood-plastic composites as promising green-composites for automotive industries!,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 99, no. 11, pp. 4661–4667, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. R. Kishore, V. Bhikshma, and P. Jeevana Prakash, “Study on strength characteristics of high strength Rice Husk Ash concrete,” in Proceedings of the 12th East Asia-Pacific Conference on Structural Engineering and Construction (EASEC '12), pp. 2666–2672, Elsevier Ltd, Hong-Kong, January 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. H. G. B. Premalal, H. Ismail, and A. Baharin, “Comparison of the mechanical properties of rice husk powder filled polypropylene composites with talc filled polypropylene composites,” Polymer Testing, vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 833–839, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. I. Naurah, Injection Moulding Parameters and Performance of Rice Husk-High Density Polyethylene Composites, University Teknologi Malaysia, 2006.
  6. J. Z. Lu, Q. Wu, and H. S. McNabb Jr., “Chemical coupling in wood fiber and polymer composites: a review of coupling agents and treatments,” Wood and Fiber Science, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 88–104, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. B. S. Panigrahy, A. Rana, P. Chang, and S. Panigrahi, “Overview of Flax Fiber reinforced thermoplastic composites,” Canadian Biosystems Engineering Journal, vol. 06, no. 165, pp. 1–12, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  8. K. B. Adhikary, Development of Wood Flour-Recycled Polymer Composite Panels as Building Materials, University of Canterbury, 2008.
  9. H.-S. Yang, H.-J. Kim, H.-J. Park, B.-J. Lee, and T.-S. Hwang, “Effect of compatibilizing agents on rice-husk flour reinforced polypropylene composites,” Composite Structures, vol. 77, no. 1, pp. 45–55, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. K. B. Adhikary, S. Pang, and M. P. Staiger, “Dimensional stability and mechanical behaviour of wood-plastic composites based on recycled and virgin high-density polyethylene (HDPE),” Composites B, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 807–815, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. A. Fuqua and C. A. Ulven, “Characterization of polypropylene/corn fiber composites with maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene,” Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 258–263, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. Ahmad and M. H. Ab Ghani, “The comparison of water absorption analysis between counterrotating and corotating twin-screw extruders with different antioxidants content in wood plastic composites,” Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 2011, Article ID 406284, 4 pages, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. D. R. Askeland and P. P. Phule, The Science and Engineering of Materials, 5th edition, 2006.
  14. K. L. Fung, X. S. Xing, R. K. Y. Li, S. C. Tjong, and Y.-W. Mai, “An investigation on the processing of sisal fibre reinforced polypropylene composites,” Composites Science and Technology, vol. 63, no. 9, pp. 1255–1258, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. K. Oksman, M. Skrifvars, and J.-F. Selin, “Natural fibres as reinforcement in polylactic acid (PLA) composites,” Composites Science and Technology, vol. 63, no. 9, pp. 1317–1324, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. M. Luz, J. Del Tio, G. J. M. Rocha, A. R. Gonçalves, and A. P. Del'Arco Jr., “Cellulose and cellulignin from sugarcane bagasse reinforced polypropylene composites: effect of acetylation on mechanical and thermal properties,” Composites A, vol. 39, no. 9, pp. 1362–1369, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. M. Thwe and K. Liao, “Effects of environmental aging on the mechanical properties of bamboo-glass fiber reinforced polymer matrix hybrid composites,” Composites A, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 43–52, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. H.-S. Yang, H.-J. Kim, J. Son, H.-J. Park, B.-J. Lee, and T.-S. Hwang, “Rice-husk flour filled polypropylene composites; mechanical and morphological study,” Composite Structures, vol. 63, no. 3-4, pp. 305–312, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. A. K. Rana, A. Mandal, and S. Bandyopadhyay, “Short jute fiber reinforced polypropylene composites: effect of compatibiliser, impact modifier and fiber loading,” Composites Science and Technology, vol. 63, no. 6, pp. 801–806, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. Joseph, M. S. Sreekala, Z. Oommen, P. Koshy, and S. Thomas, “A comparison of the mechanical properties of phenol formaldehyde composites reinforced with banana fibres and glass fibres,” Composites Science and Technology, vol. 62, no. 14, pp. 1857–1868, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. R. Rahman, M. N. Islam, M. M. Huque, S. Hamdan, and A. S. Ahmed, “Effect of chemical treatment on rice husk (RH) reinforced polyethylene (PE) composites,” BioResources, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 854–869, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. H. Ismail, M. R. Edyham, and B. Wirjosentono, “Bamboo fibre filled natural rubber composites: the effects of filler loading and bonding agent,” Polymer Testing, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 139–144, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. H. Ku, H. Wang, N. Pattarachaiyakoop, and M. Trada, “A review on the tensile properties of natural fiber reinforced polymer composites,” Composites B, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 856–873, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. Panthapulakkal and M. Sain, “Agro-residue reinforced high-density polyethylene composites: fiber characterization and analysis of composite properties,” Composites A, vol. 38, no. 6, pp. 1445–1454, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. Ghofrani, S. Pishan, M. R. Mohammadi, and H. Omidi, “A study on rice-husk/recycled high density polyethylene composites: their physical and mechanical properties,” Environmental Science, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 99–112, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  26. J.-C. Lin, L. C. Chang, M. H. Nien, and H. L. Ho, “Mechanical behavior of various nanoparticle filled composites at low-velocity impact,” Composite Structures, vol. 74, no. 1, pp. 30–36, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. Y. Cui, S. Lee, B. Noruziaan, M. Cheung, and J. Tao, “Fabrication and interfacial modification of wood/recycled plastic composite materials,” Composites A, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 655–661, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. A. Ashori and A. Nourbakhsh, “Mechanical behavior of agro-residue-reinforced polypropylene composites,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 111, no. 5, pp. 2616–2620, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus