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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2015, Article ID 168143, 6 pages
Research Article

Analysis on Thermal Hazard of Foam Decoration Materials

Department of Civil Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan

Received 25 June 2014; Accepted 8 September 2014

Academic Editor: Shoou-Jinn Chang

Copyright © 2015 Sy-Jye Guo and Hsiu-Fen Tsai. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The occurrence and spread of fire often result from the flammables in interior decoration materials, which mostly contain fireproof foam to avoid fire damage. In this study, the foams with reportedly fire resistance, such as general foam, PU foam, melamine foam, and rubber foam, are compared via thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) analysis to build a thermal parameter database of decoration materials of fireproof foams and provide green building materials, technologies, and fire preventive measures to the industry or consumers.