Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 318696, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/318696
Research Article

Influence of Heat Treatment on Biocorrosion and Hemocompatibility of Biodegradable Mg-35Zn-3Ca Alloy

1Department of Dental Biomaterials and Institute of Biodegradable Material, Institute of Oral Bioscience and BK21 Plus Project, School of Dentistry, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756, Republic of Korea
2Division of Advanced Materials Engineering and Institute of Biodegradable Material, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756, Republic of Korea
3Department of New Drug Discovery and Development, Chungnam National University, Yuseong, Daejeon 305-764, Republic of Korea

Received 19 December 2014; Accepted 21 January 2015

Academic Editor: Jinghuai Zhang

Copyright © 2015 Jeong-Hui Ji et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. D. A. Puleo and W. W. Huh, “Acute toxicity of metal ions in cultures of osteogenic cells derived from bone marrow stromal cells,” Journal of Applied Biomaterials, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 109–116, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. J. Jacobs, J. L. Gilbert, and R. M. Urban, “Current concepts review. Corrosion of metal orthopaedic implants,” The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, vol. 80, pp. 268–282, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  3. C. Lhotka, T. Szekeres, I. Steffan, K. Zhuber, and K. Zweymüller, “Four-year study of cobalt and chromium blood levels in patients managed with two different metal-on-metal total hip replacements,” Journal of Orthopaedic Research, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 189–195, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. J. Jacobs, A. K. Skipor, L. M. Patterson et al., “Metal release in patients who have had a primary total hip arthroplasty. A prospective, controlled, longitudinal study,” The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery—American Volume, vol. 80, no. 10, pp. 1447–1458, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. J. Jacobs, N. J. Hallab, A. K. Skipor, and R. M. Urban, “Metal degradation products: a cause for concern in metal-metal bearings?” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, no. 417, pp. 139–147, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. Nagels, M. Stokdijk, and P. M. Rozing, “Stress shielding and bone resorption in shoulder arthroplasty,” Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 35–39, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. H. G. Seiler, H. Sigel, and A. Sigel, Handbook on Toxicity of Inorganic Compounds, 1988.
  8. M. P. Staiger, A. M. Pietak, J. Huadmai, and G. Dias, “Magnesium and its alloys as orthopedic biomaterials: a review,” Biomaterials, vol. 27, no. 9, pp. 1728–1734, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. E. P. DeGarmo, J. T. Black, and R. A. Kohser, DeGarmo's Materials and Processes in Manufacturing, John Wiley & Sons, 2011.
  10. L. J. Gibson and M. F. Ashby, Cellular Solids: Structure and Properties, Cambridge University Press, 1999.
  11. J.-W. Choi, Y.-M. Kong, H.-E. Kim, and I.-S. Lee, “Reinforcement of hydroxyapatite bioceramic by addition of Ni3Al and Al2O3,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 81, no. 7, pp. 1743–1748, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. T. Thamaraiselvi and S. Rajeswari, “Biological evaluation of bioceramic materials—a review,” Trends in Biomaterials and Artificial Organs, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 9–17, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  13. H. Zreiqat, C. R. Howlett, A. Zannettino et al., “Mechanisms of magnesium-stimulated adhesion of osteoblastic cells to commonly used orthopaedic implants,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, vol. 62, no. 2, pp. 175–184, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. F. Witte, V. Kaese, H. Haferkamp et al., “In vivo corrosion of four magnesium alloys and the associated bone response,” Biomaterials, vol. 26, no. 17, pp. 3557–3563, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. C. E. Wen, M. Mabuchi, Y. Yamada, K. Shimojima, Y. Chino, and T. Asahina, “Processing of biocompatible porous Ti and Mg,” Scripta Materialia, vol. 45, no. 10, pp. 1147–1153, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. G. Song, “Recent progress in corrosion and protection of magnesium alloys,” Advanced Engineering Materials, vol. 7, no. 7, pp. 563–586, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. S. A. El-Rahman, “Neuropathology of aluminum toxicity in rats (glutamate and GABA impairment),” Pharmacological Research, vol. 47, no. 3, pp. 189–194, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. Y. Nakamura, Y. Tsumura, Y. Tonogai, T. Shibata, and Y. Ito, “Differences in behavior among the chlorides of seven rare earth elements administered intravenously to rats,” Toxicological Sciences, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 106–116, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. Z. Ilich and J. E. Kerstetter, “Nutrition in bone health revisited: a story beyond calcium,” Journal of the American College of Nutrition, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 715–737, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. C. Oh, T. Ohkubo, T. Mukai, and K. Hono, “TEM and 3DAP characterization of an age-hardened Mg-Ca-Zn alloy,” Scripta Materialia, vol. 53, no. 6, pp. 675–679, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. G. Levi, S. Avraham, A. Zilberov, and M. Bamberger, “Solidification, solution treatment and age hardening of a Mg-1.6 wt.% Ca-3.2 wt.% Zn alloy,” Acta Materialia, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 523–530, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. T. Miyazaki, J. Kaneko, and M. Sugamata, “Structures and properties of rapidly solidified Mg-Ca based alloys,” Materials Science and Engineering: A, vol. 181-182, pp. 1410–1414, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. C. Liu, Y. Xin, G. Tang, and P. K. Chu, “Influence of heat treatment on degradation behavior of bio-degradable die-cast AZ63 magnesium alloy in simulated body fluid,” Materials Science and Engineering A, vol. 456, no. 1-2, pp. 350–357, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. X. Gu, Y. Zheng, Y. Cheng, S. Zhong, and T. Xi, “In vitro corrosion and biocompatibility of binary magnesium alloys,” Biomaterials, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 484–498, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. B. A. Shaw, Corrosion Resistance of Magnesium Alloys, vol. 13, ASM handbook, 2003.
  26. V. Kaesel, P. T. Tai, F. Bach, H. Haferkamp, F. Witte, and H. Windhagen, “Approach to control the corrosion of magnesium by alloying,” in Magnesium: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference Magnesium Alloys and Their Applications, pp. 534–539, Wiley Online Library, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  27. J. E. Gray and B. Luan, “Protective coatings on magnesium and its alloys—a critical review,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 336, no. 1-2, pp. 88–113, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. M.-C. Zhao, M. Liu, G. Song, and A. Atrens, “Influence of the β-phase morphology on the corrosion of the Mg alloy AZ91,” Corrosion Science, vol. 50, no. 7, pp. 1939–1953, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. N. N. Aung and W. Zhou, “Effect of heat treatment on corrosion and electrochemical behaviour of AZ91D magnesium alloy,” Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, vol. 32, no. 12, pp. 1397–1401, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. G. Song, A. L. Bowles, and D. H. StJohn, “Corrosion resistance of aged die cast magnesium alloy AZ91D,” Materials Science and Engineering A, vol. 366, no. 1, pp. 74–86, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. M. Jönsson, D. Persson, and R. Gubner, “The initial steps of atmospheric corrosion on magnesium alloy AZ91D,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 154, no. 11, pp. C684–C691, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. T. Beldjoudi, C. Fiaud, and L. Robbiola, “Influence of homogenization and artificial aging heat treatments on corrosion behavior of Mg-Al alloys,” Corrosion, vol. 49, no. 9, pp. 738–745, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. O. Lunder, J. E. Lein, T. K. Aune, and K. Nisancioglu, “Role of Mg17Al12 phase in the corrosion of Mg alloy AZ91,” Corrosion, vol. 45, no. 9, pp. 741–748, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. D. L. Piron, The Electrochemistry of Corrosion, University of Houston, Houston, Tex, USA, 1991.
  35. G. Song, A. Atrens, D. Stjohn, J. Nairn, and Y. Li, “The electrochemical corrosion of pure magnesium in 1 N NaCl,” Corrosion Science, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 855–875, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. Z. Li, X. Gu, S. Lou, and Y. Zheng, “The development of binary Mg-Ca alloys for use as biodegradable materials within bone,” Biomaterials, vol. 29, no. 10, pp. 1329–1344, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. A. E. Coy, F. Viejo, P. Skeldon, and G. E. Thompson, “Susceptibility of rare-earth-magnesium alloys to micro-galvanic corrosion,” Corrosion Science, vol. 52, no. 12, pp. 3896–3906, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. G. Song and A. Atrens, “Understanding magnesium corrosion—a framework for improved alloy performance,” Advanced Engineering Materials, vol. 5, no. 12, pp. 837–858, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. A. F. Crawley and K. S. Milliken, “Precipitate morphology and orientation relationships in an aged Mg-9% Al-1% Zn-0.3% Mn alloy,” Acta Metallurgica, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 557–562, 1974. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. S. O. Sowemimo-Coker, “Red blood cell hemolysis during processing,” Transfusion Medicine Reviews, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 46–60, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. ISO, “Biological evaluation of medical devices—Part 4: selection of tests for interactions with blood,” Tech. Rep. ISO 10993-4, 2002. View at Google Scholar