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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2015, Article ID 349401, 5 pages
Research Article

Analysis of Chemical Composition of Portland Cement in Ghana: A Key to Understand the Behavior of Cement

1CSIR-Building and Road Research Institute, Materials Engineering Division, Kumasi, Ghana
2Development Office, University of Education, Winneba, Kumasi Campus, Kumasi, Ghana

Received 22 May 2015; Revised 16 September 2015; Accepted 16 November 2015

Academic Editor: Wei Liu

Copyright © 2015 Mark Bediako and Eric Opoku Amankwah. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The performance of Portland cement in concrete or mortar formation is very well influenced by chemical compositions among other factors. Many engineers usually have little information on the chemical compositions of cement in making decisions for the choice of commercially available Portland cement in Ghana. This work analyzed five different brands of Portland cement in Ghana, namely, Ghacem ordinary Portland cement (OPC) and Portland limestone cement (PLC), CSIR-BRRI Pozzomix, Dangote OPC, and Diamond PLC. The chemical compositions were analyzed with X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) spectrometer. Student’s -test was used to test the significance of the variation in chemical composition between standard literature values and each of the commercial cement brands. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was also used to establish the extent of variations between chemical compositions and brand name of the all commercial Portland cement brands. Student’s -test results showed that there were no significant differences between standard chemical composition values and that of commercial Portland cement. The ANOVA results also indicated that each brand of commercial Portland cement varies in terms of chemical composition; however, the specific brands of cement had no significant differences. The study recommended that using any brand of cement in Ghana was good for any construction works be it concrete or mortar formation.