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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2015, Article ID 374609, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/374609
Research Article

Optimization and Static Stress Analysis of Hybrid Fiber Reinforced Composite Leaf Spring

Machineries and Equipments Technologies Department, Najaf Technical Institute, Iraq

Received 7 July 2014; Revised 19 October 2014; Accepted 22 October 2014

Academic Editor: Kwangho Kim

Copyright © 2015 Luay Muhammed Ali Ismaeel. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A monofiber reinforced composite leaf spring is proposed as an alternative to the typical steel one as it is characterized by high strength-to-weight ratio. Different reinforcing schemes are suggested to fabricate the leaf spring. The composite and the typical steel leaf springs are subjected to the same working conditions. A weight saving of about more than 60% can be achieved while maintaining the strength for the structures under consideration. The objective of the present study was to replace material for leaf spring. This study suggests various materials of hybrid fiber reinforced plastics (HFRP). Also the effects of shear moduli of the fibers, matrices, and the composites on the composites performance and responses are discussed. The results and behaviors of each are compared with each other and verified by comparison with analytical solution; a good convergence is found between them. The elastic properties of the hybrid composites are calculated using rules of mixtures and Halpin-Tsi equation through the software of MATLAB v-7. The problem is also analyzed by the technique of finite element analysis (FEA) through the software of ANSYS v-14. An element modeling was done for every leaf with eight-node 3D brick element (SOLID185 3D 8-Node Structural Solid).