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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 380936, 5 pages
Research Article

Tunable Upconversion Luminescence and Energy Transfer Process in BaLa2ZnO5:Er3+/Yb3+ Phosphors

Beijing Key Laboratory of Materials Utilization of Nonmetallic Minerals and Solid Wastes, National Laboratory of Mineral Materials, School of Materials Science and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China

Received 17 August 2014; Accepted 29 August 2014

Academic Editor: Zhaohui Li

Copyright © 2015 Lefu Mei et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


BaLa2ZnO5:Er3+/Yb3+ has been synthesized via a high temperature solid-state method, and the tunable upconversion luminescence and energy transfer process between Yb3+ and Er3+ in this system have been demonstrated. Upon 980 nm laser excitation, the intense green and red emission around 527, 553, and 664 nm were observed for BaLa2ZnO5:Er3+/Yb3+, which can be assigned to the characteristic energy level transitions of 2H11/24I15/2, 4S3/24I15/2, and 4F9/24I15/2 of Er3+, respectively. The critical Er3+ quenching concentration (QC) was determined to be about 5 mol%, and the power studies indicated that mixture of 2- and 3-photon process was responsible for the green and red upconversion luminescence.