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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2015, Article ID 576080, 10 pages
Research Article

Elastic Modulus Calculation Model of a Soil-Rock Mixture at Normal or Freezing Temperature Based on Micromechanics Approach

1School of Civil Engineering of Central South University, Changsha 410075, China
2National Engineering Laboratory for High Speed Railway Construction, Changsha 410075, China

Received 11 December 2014; Revised 13 February 2015; Accepted 15 February 2015

Academic Editor: Pavel Lejcek

Copyright © 2015 Hao Yang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Considering rock wrapped by soil in the mesoscopic structure of soil-rock mixture at normal temperature, a two-layer embedded model of single inclusion composite material was established to obtain the elastic modulus of soil-rock mixture. Given an interface ice interlayer attached between the soil and rock interface in the mesoscopic structure of soil-rock mixture at freezing temperature, a three-layer embedded model of double inclusion composite material and multistep multiphase micromechanics model was established to obtain the elastic modulus of a frozen soil-rock mixture. With the effect of structure pore with soil-rock mixture at normal temperature taken into consideration, its elastic modulus was calculated with the three-layer embedded model. An experimental comparison found that the predicted effect of the three-layer embedded model on the soil-rock mixture was better than that of the two-layer embedded model. The elastic modulus of soil-rock mixture gradually increased with the increase in rock content regardless of temperature. The increase rate of the elastic modulus of the soil-rock mixture increased quickly especially when the rock content is between 50% and 70%. The elastic modulus of the frozen soil-rock mixture is close to four times higher than that of the soil-rock mixture at a normal temperature.