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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 854192, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/854192
Research Article

New Plaster Composite with Mineral Wool Fibres from CDW Recycling

1School of Building Engineering, Technical University of Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
2School of Forestry Engineering and Natural Resources, Technical University of Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain

Received 23 April 2015; Accepted 25 May 2015

Academic Editor: Robert Cerný

Copyright © 2015 Sonia Romaniega Piñeiro et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Over the last decade the intense activity of the building sector has generated large quantities of construction and demolition waste (CDW). In particular, in Europe around 890 million tons of CDW is generated every year; however, only 50% of them are recycled. In Spain, over the last years 40 millions of tons of construction and demolition waste have been generated. On the other hand, since the implementation of the Technical Building Code regulation the use of mineral wools as building insulation materials has become a widespread solution in both rehabilitation and new construction works, and because of that, this kind of insulation waste is increasing. This research analyzes the potential of a new composite (gypsum and fiber waste) including several mineral wools waste into a plaster matrix. For this purpose, an experimental plan, characterizing the physical and mechanical behaviour as well as the Shore C hardness of the new composite, was elaborated fulfilling UNE Standards.