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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2015, Article ID 920628, 9 pages
Research Article

Behavior of Reinforced Retaining Walls with Different Reinforcement Spacing during Vehicle Collisions

Department of Civil Engineering, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Chungbuk 361-763, Republic of Korea

Received 21 April 2015; Revised 11 June 2015; Accepted 14 June 2015

Academic Editor: Robert Cerný

Copyright © 2015 Kwangkuk Ahn and Hongsig Kang. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Accidents involving vehicles crashing into reinforced retaining walls are increasing because of the increased construction of reinforced retaining walls on roads. Unlike a normal retaining wall, a reinforced retaining wall is not one united body but is made up of blocks. Hence, a reinforced wall can break down when a vehicle crashes into it. The behavior of such a wall during vehicle collision depends upon the reinforcement material used for its construction, its design, and the method of the construction. In this study, the behavior of a reinforced retaining wall was analyzed while changing the reinforcement spacing using LS-DYNA, a general finite-element program. Eight tons of truck weight was used for the numerical analysis model. The behavior of a reinforced retaining wall under variable reinforcement spacing and positioning was analyzed. The results indicated that the reinforcement material was an important resistance factor against external collision load.