Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2015, Article ID 938176, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/938176
Research Article

Industrial versus Laboratory Clinker Processing Using Grinding Aids (Scale Effect)

Holderchem Building Chemicals, P.O. Box 40206, Baabda, Lebanon

Received 14 September 2015; Accepted 11 November 2015

Academic Editor: Luigi Nicolais

Copyright © 2015 Joseph Jean Assaad. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. I. Teoreanu and G. Guslicov, “Mechanisms and effects of additives from the dihydroxy-compound class on Portland cement grinding,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 9–15, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. P. Perez, A. Nonat, S. Pourchet, M. Garrault, and C. Canevet, “Why TIPA leads to an increase in the mechanical properties of mortars whereas TEA does not,” ACI Materials Journal, vol. 217, pp. 583–594, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  3. J. J. Assaad, “Quantifying the effect of clinker grinding aids under laboratory conditions,” Minerals Engineering, vol. 81, pp. 40–51, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. ASTM C150, “Standard specification for cement,” ASTM C150-12, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, Pa, USA, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  5. J. J. Assaad, S. E. Asseily, and J. Harb, “Effect of specific energy consumption on fineness of portland cement incorporating amine or glycol-based grinding aids,” Materials and Structures, vol. 42, no. 8, pp. 1077–1087, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. P. J. Sandberg and F. Doncaster, “On the mechanism of strength enhancement of cement paste and mortar with triisopropanolamine,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 973–976, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. J. Assaad, S. E. Asseily, and J. Harb, “Use of cement grinding aids to optimise clinker factor,” Advances in Cement Research, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 29–36, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. J. Assaad and C. A. Issa, “Effect of clinker grinding aids on flow of cement-based materials,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 63, pp. 1–11, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. H. Benzer, L. Ergun, A. J. Lynch et al., “Modelling cement grinding circuits,” Minerals Engineering, vol. 14, no. 11, pp. 1469–1482, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. G. G. Mejeoumov, Improved cement quality and grinding efficiency by means of closed mill circuit modeling [Ph.D. thesis], Texas A&M University, College Station, Tex, USA, 2007.
  11. J. Bhatty, F. Miller, and S. Kosmatka, Innovations in Portland Cement Manufacturing, CD-ROM: SP400, Portland Cement Association, Skokie, Ill, USA, 2004.
  12. B. Fidan, A comparative analysis of the recent cement grinding systems with particle-based influences on cement properties [Ph.D. thesis], Middle East Technical University (METU), Ankara, Turkey, 2011.
  13. Y. M. Zhang and T. J. Napier-Munn, “Effects of particle size distribution, surface area and chemical composition on Portland cement strength,” Powder Technology, vol. 83, no. 3, pp. 245–252, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. D. P. Bentz, E. J. Garboczi, C. J. Haecker, and O. M. Jensen, “Effects of cement particle size distribution on performance properties of Portland cement-based materials,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 29, no. 10, pp. 1663–1671, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. C. Ferraris, V. Hackley, A. Avilés, and C. Buchanan, “Analysis of the ASTM Round-Robin test on particle size distribution of portland cement: phase I,” National Institute of Standards and Technology Report 6883, Technology Administration, US Department of Commerce, Washington, DC, USA, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  16. G. Delagrammatikas and S. Tsimas, “Grinding process simulation based on Rosin-Rammler equation,” Chemical Engineering Communications, vol. 191, no. 10, pp. 1362–1378, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. ASTM C465, “Standard specification for processing additions for use in the manufacture of hydraulic cements,” ASTM C465-10, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, Pa, USA, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  18. L. Sottili and D. Padovani, “Effect of grinding aids in the cement industry,” in Proceedings of the Petrochem Conference, p. 16, Saint Petersburg, Russia, April 2002.
  19. ASTM C618-12a, “Standard specification for coal fly ash and raw or calcined natural pozzolan for use in concrete,” ASTM C618-12, ASTM International, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  20. ASTM, “Standard test methods for fineness of hydraulic cement by air-permeability apparatus,” Document no. ASTM C204-11, ASTM International, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  21. H. G. Merkus, Particle Size Measurements: Fundamentals, Practice, Quality, Technology and Engineering, Springer, 2009.
  22. ASTM, “Standard test method for amount of water required for normal consistency of hydraulic cement paste,” Document no. ASTM C187-11e1, ASTM International, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  23. ASTM C191, “Standard test methods for time of setting of hydraulic cement by Vicat needle,” ASTM C191-08, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, Pa, USA, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  24. ASTM C109, “Standard test method for compressive strength of hydraulic cement mortars (using 2-in. or [50-mm] cube specimens),” ASTM C109-12, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, Pa, USA, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  25. R. Schnatz, “Optimization of continuous ball mills used for finish-grinding of cement by varying the L/D ratio, ball charge filling ratio, ball size and residence time,” International Journal of Mineral Processing, vol. 74, supplement, pp. S55–S63, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. Fuerstenau and K. Han, Principles of Mineral Processing, Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Littleton, Mass, USA, 2003.
  27. M. Katsioti, P. E. Tsakiridis, P. Giannatos, Z. Tsibouki, and J. Marinos, “Characterization of various cement grinding aids and their impact on grindability and cement performance,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 1954–1959, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. T. S. Sverak, C. G. J. Baker, and O. Kozdas, “Efficiency of grinding stabilizers in cement clinker processing,” Minerals Engineering, vol. 43-44, pp. 52–57, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. P. Alsop, Cement Plant Operations Handbook for Dry Process Plants, Tradeship Publications, Portsmouth, UK, 2001.