Advances in Materials Science and Engineering / 2017 / Article / Tab 5

Review Article

A Short Review on the Valorisation of Sugarcane Bagasse Ash in the Manufacture of Stabilized/Sintered Earth Blocks and Tiles

Table 5

Role of bagasse ash in performance of stabilized and sintered soil blocks and tiles.

Author(s)Primary stabilizerBlock sizeOptimal dosage of bagasse ashProperties testedWithout bagasse ashWith bagasse ash
mm × mm × mm

Greepala and Parichartpreecha [43] ~7–14% cement250 × 125 × 10010% cement replacementComp. strength15.7 MPa11.7 MPa
Water absorption8.70%9.93%

Khobklang et al. [44] ~8.5–14% cement250 × 125 × 100~4.3% cement replacementComp. strength82.26 ksc90.75 ksc
Water absorption11.29%11.83%

Alavéz-Ramírez et al. [36] 10% lime300 × 150 × 12010% additionComp. strength16.5 MPa21.3 MPa
Flex. strength1.12 MPa1.40 MPa

Lima et al. [45]6% cement
DNR8% additionComp. strength0.70 MPa1.54 MPa
Water absorption12.41%11.86%
12% cement8% additionComp. strength3.13 MPa2.89 MPa
Water absorption11.94%12.11%

James et al. [46] 4% cement
190 × 90 × 906% additionComp. strength2.59 MPa2.95 MPa
Water absorption6.59%6.89%
10% cement6% additionComp. strength5.42 MPa5.85 MPa
Water absorption5.84%6.95%

James and Pandian [47] 6% lime190 × 90 × 908% additionComp. strength1.687 MPa1.87 MPa
Water absorption7.46%8.38%

Singh and Kumar [48] 20% cement225 × 110 × 7015%Comp. strength14.14 MPa11.31 MPa
Water absorption8.5%9.79%

Kulkarni et al. [49]20% lime230 × 100 × 7510%Comp. strength7.55 MPa7.43 MPa

Madurwar [37] 20% lime230 × 110 × 8050%Comp. strength6.50 MPa6.59 MPa
Water absorption10%~20%
Flex. strength8.02 MPa7.07 MPa
Bond strength0.32 MPa0.35 MPa
Wrench strength0.12 MPa0.23 MPa

Priyadarshini [50]CementDNR10% cement replacementComp. strength9.98 MPa9.40 MPa

Rajkumar et al. [51] CementDNR50% cement replacementComp. strength45 MPa41 MPa
Comp. strength40 MPa42 MPa

Naibaho et al. [52] Cement400 × 200 × 10025% cement replacementComp. strength2.146 MPa5.167 MPa
Water absorption9.77%16.05%

Ali et al. [53] Cement100 × 50 × 4020% cement replacementComp. strength15.33 MPa16.23 MPa
Water absorption7.04%24.17%

Onchiri et al. [54]4.8% cementDNR3.2%Comp. strength2.55 MPa3.03 MPa

Saranya et al. [55] 190 × 90 × 905% with 5% rice husk ashComp. strength~4 MPa>4 MPa
Water absorptionDNR15.94%

Prasanth et al. [56]200 × 100 × 1005%Comp. strength0.5–1.65 MPa1.15 MPa

Salim et al. [57] 285 × 145 × 9510%Comp. strength~2.3 MPa~3.8 MPa
% cracks30%23%

Tonnayopas [42] 140 × 65 × 4030%Linear shrinkage1%4%
Comp. strength~37 MPa~43 MPa
Water absorption~10.5%~14%
Electr. resistance~750 MOhm-cm~1400 MOhm-cm

Teixeira et al. [17]60 × 20 × ~55%Flex. strength~10 MPa~7 MPa

Schettino and Holanda [58] DNR1.25%Linear shrinkage~11.25%~11.75%
Flex. strength~47.5 MPa~45 MPa
Water absorption~0.125%~0.1%

Hariharan et al. [59] DNR20%Water absorption0.6%~0.4%
Porosity1.25%0.95%
Bulk density2.06 g/cm32.39 g/cm3
Dielectric strength7.1 kV/mm8.2 kV/mm

Aigbodion et al. [60] DNRFiring shrinkageDNR0.85%
DensityDNR1.95 g/cm3
RefractorinessDNR1600°C

Faria et al. [18] DNRTensile strength~3 MPa~1.5 MPa
Water absorption~23%22.88%
Linear shrinkage~2.7%~2.25%
Apparent density~1.7 g/cm3~1.67 g/cm3

Comp.: compressive; flex.: flexural; elect.: electrical; DNR: data not reported; comparison with nonoptimal values; approximate values calculated from reported data/graphs; made with mix of only bagasse ash and gum Arabic; recommended value.