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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 1948241, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1948241
Review Article

An Overview of Biomaterials in Periodontology and Implant Dentistry

1Department of Periodontology, School of Dentistry and Dental Research Institute, BK21 Program, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
2Department of Molecular Genetics, School of Dentistry and Dental Research Institute, BK21 Program, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea

Correspondence should be addressed to Young Ku

Received 6 September 2016; Revised 6 December 2016; Accepted 18 December 2016; Published 9 January 2017

Academic Editor: Luiz F. de Moura

Copyright © 2017 Young-Dan Cho et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Material is a crucial factor for the restoration of the tooth or periodontal structure in dentistry. Various biomaterials have been developed and clinically applied for improved periodontal tissue regeneration and osseointegration, especially in periodontology and dental implantology. Furthermore, the biomimetic approach has been the subject of active research in recent years. In this review, the most widely studied biomaterials (bone graft material, barrier membrane, and growth or differentiation factors) and biomimetic approaches to obtain optimal tissue regeneration by making the environment almost similar to that of the extracellular matrix are discussed and specifically highlighted.