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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2017, Article ID 2397238, 11 pages
Research Article

Analysis and Alternate Selection of Nanopowder Modifiers to Improve a Special Protective Coating System

1Aerophysics of Subsonic Flows Laboratory, Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Russian Academy of Science, 4/1 Institute Str., Novosibirsk 630090, Russia
2Advanced Materials Laboratory, Buryat State University, 24a Smolyn Str., Ulan-Ude 670000, Russia
3Engineering Ecology Department, Novosibirsk State Technical University, 20 K. Marx Ave., Novosibirsk 630073, Russia
4School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Ulsan, 29 Mugue-Dong, Nam-Gu, Ulsan 680749, Republic of Korea
5Institute of Physics of Materials Science, 6 Sakhyanov Str., Ulan-Ude 670047, Russia

Correspondence should be addressed to S. P. Bardakhanov; ur.csn.mati@drab and V. N. Goverdovskiy; moc.oohay@neics_gnv

Received 15 November 2016; Revised 5 March 2017; Accepted 16 March 2017; Published 16 May 2017

Academic Editor: Brian Wigdahl

Copyright © 2017 S. P. Bardakhanov et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper presents a practical approach for rational choice of silica nanopowders as modifiers to control and improve the performance of protective coating systems operating in harsh environmental conditions. The approach is based on the multiparameter analysis of nanoparticle reactivity of similar silica synthesized by using chemical and physical methods. The analysis indicates distinct adsorption centers due to the differences in the particles formation; the features of the formation and adsorption mechanisms lead to higher diffusion capacity of the nanoparticles, synthesized by physical methods, into a paint material and finally result in stronger chemical bonds between the system elements. The approach allows reducing the consumption of paint materials by 30% or more, at least 2-3 times increasing of the coating adhesion and hence the system life. Validity of the approach is illustrated through the data obtained from comparative modeling, factory testing, and practical use of modified systems.