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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 3176808, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/3176808
Research Article

Evaluating Mechanical Properties of Few Layers MoS2 Nanosheets-Polymer Composites

School of Chemical and Materials Engineering (SCME), National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), H-12 Campus, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan

Correspondence should be addressed to Rahim Jan

Received 21 May 2017; Revised 22 July 2017; Accepted 3 August 2017; Published 10 September 2017

Academic Editor: Mikhael Bechelany

Copyright © 2017 Muhammad Bilal Khan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The reinforcement effects of liquid exfoliated molybdenum disulphide (MoS2) nanosheets, dispersed in polystyrene (PS) matrix, are evaluated here. The range of composites (0~0.002 volume fraction () MoS2-PS) is prepared via solution casting. Size selected MoS2 nanosheets (3~4 layers), with a lateral dimension 0.5~1 µm, have improved Young’s modulus up to 0.8 GPa for 0.0002 MoS2-PS as compared to 0.2 GPa observed for PS only. The ultimate tensile strength (UTS) is improved considerably (~×3) with a minute addition of MoS2 nanosheets (0.00002 ). The MoS2 nanosheets lateral dimension and number of layers are approximated using atomic force microscopy (AFM). The composites formation is confirmed using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Theoretical predicted results (Halpin-Tsai model) are well below the experimental findings, especially at lower concentrations. Only at maximum concentrations, the experimental and theoretical results coincide. The high aspect ratio of MoS2 nanosheets, homogeneous dispersion inside polymer, and their probable planar orientation are the possible reasons for the effective stress transfer, resulting in enhanced mechanical characteristics. Moreover, the micro-Vickers hardness () of the MoS2-PS is also improved from 19 (PS) to 23 (0.002 MoS2-PS) as MoS2 nanosheets inclusion may hinder the deformation more effectively.