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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 6379168, 15 pages
Research Article

Experimental Study on a Self-Centering Earthquake-Resistant Masonry Pier with a Structural Concrete Column

College of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Wenfang Zhang

Received 28 November 2016; Revised 8 March 2017; Accepted 2 April 2017; Published 25 May 2017

Academic Editor: Carlo Santulli

Copyright © 2017 Lijun Niu and Wenfang Zhang. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper proposes a slotting construction strategy to avoid shear behavior of multistory masonry buildings. The aspect ratio of masonry piers increases via slotting between spandrels and piers, so that the limit state of piers under an earthquake may be altered from shear to rocking. Rocking piers with a structural concrete column (SCC) form a self-centering earthquake-resistant system. The in-plane lateral rocking behavior of masonry piers subjected to an axial force is predicted, and an experimental study is conducted on two full-scale masonry piers with an SCC, which consist of a slotting pier and an original pier. Meanwhile, a comparison of the rocking modes of masonry piers with an SCC and without an SCC was conducted in the paper. Experimental verification indicates that the slotting strategy achieves a change of failure modes from shear to rocking, and this resistant system with an SCC incorporates the self-centering and high energy dissipation properties. For the slotting pier, a lateral story drift ratio of 2.5% and a high displacement ductility of approximately 9.7 are obtained in the test, although the lateral strength decreased by 22.3% after slotting. The predicted lateral strength of the rocking pier with an SCC has a margin of error of 5.3%.