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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 6790635, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/6790635
Research Article

Effect of Neodymium Nanoparticles on Elastic Properties of Zinc-Tellurite Glass System

1Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
2Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Bauchi State University, Gadau, Nigeria

Correspondence should be addressed to Halimah Mohamed Kamari; moc.liamg@0636kmh

Received 14 February 2017; Revised 20 June 2017; Accepted 9 July 2017; Published 29 August 2017

Academic Editor: Cristina Leonelli

Copyright © 2017 Abdulbaset A. Abdulla Awshah et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The aim of this work is to determine the effect of neodymium nanoparticles concentration on the elastic properties of zinc-tellurite glass. A series of neodymium nanoparticles doped zinc-tellurite glass systems (NdNPsZT) of composition [(TeO2)0.70(ZnO)0.30](Nd2O3 NPs), , , , , and , were synthesized by using conventional melt-quenching method. The amorphous nature of the glass system was confirmed by using XRD analysis. The density of the glass system was determined by Archimedes method. The elastic properties were calculated from the measured density and ultrasonic velocity at 5 MHz frequency. The experimental results showed that the elastic properties rely upon the composition of the glass systems and the impact of neodymium nanoparticles (Nd2O3 NPs) within the glass network. The increase in ultrasonic velocities is due to the increase in rigidity and change in structural units of the glass system. The softening temperature and the microhardness increased with the increase in Nd3+ ions concentration from 0.1 to 0.2 mol and decreased when the Nd3+ ions concentration increased from 0.2 to 0.5 mol. Poisson’s ratio and Debye’s temperature decreased with the increase in the Nd3+ ions concentration from 0.1 to 0.2 mol and increased when the Nd3+ ions concentration was increased from 0.2 to 0.5 mol.