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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 7623086, 13 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7623086
Research Article

Experimental Study on Sedimentary Rock’s Dynamic Characteristics under Creep State Using a New Type of Testing Equipment

1State Key Laboratory of Mining Disaster Prevention and Control, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266590, China
2College of Mining and Safety Engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266590, China
3College of Mechanical and Electronic Engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266590, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Wanpeng Huang and Wenbin Xing

Received 29 June 2017; Revised 25 September 2017; Accepted 1 October 2017; Published 25 October 2017

Academic Editor: Michael J. Schütze

Copyright © 2017 Wanpeng Huang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Under high stress, rock in the creep state is vulnerable to external impact load, causing the irreversible perturbation deformation of rock or even sudden failure. To explore the dynamic characteristics of sedimentary rock in the creep state, a siltstone specimen was experimentally studied using a new type of experimental system for rock creep perturbation. Compared to the currently available equipment for studying rock dynamics, this new type of experimental system provides a long-term and stable high static stress to maintain the creep state of rock specimen. This is independent of power supply because it provides static stress by gravity load. Moreover, the equipment provides a dynamic impact load through the free fall of impact weights. This study shows that the perturbation deformation of sedimentary rock increased in two stages: decay phase and sustained development phase. When the static stress reached up to ~85% of the rock’s ultimate strength and the axial strain reached up to 80% of the ultimate failure strain, the rock became sensitive to impact load. This static stress level is basically the same as its long-term strength. With increasing impact strength, the increment curve of the rock creep perturbation deformation was transformed from the decay phase to the sustained development phase in advance, making the rock sensitive to external perturbation at a low static loading stress level.