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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 7874251, 13 pages
Research Article

Effects of Montmorillonite on the Mineralization and Cementing Properties of Microbiologically Induced Calcium Carbonate

1Nuclear Waste and Environmental Safety Key Laboratory of Defense, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621010, China
2Sichuan Civil-Military Integration Institute, Mianyang, Sichuan 621010, China
3China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621000, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Wenkun Zhu

Received 26 June 2017; Revised 19 August 2017; Accepted 7 September 2017; Published 9 October 2017

Academic Editor: Angela De Bonis

Copyright © 2017 Tao Chen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Carbonate mineralization microbe is a microorganism capable of decomposing the substrate in the metabolic process to produce the carbonate, which then forms calcium carbonate with calcium ions. By taking advantage of this process, contaminative uranium tailings can transform to solid cement, where calcium carbonate plays the role of a binder. In this paper, we have studied the morphology of mineralized crystals by controlling the mineralization time and adding different concentrations of montmorillonite (MMT). At the same time, we also studied the effect of carbonate mineralized cementation uranium tailings by controlling the amount of MMT. The results showed that MMT can regulate the crystal morphology of calcium carbonate. What is more, MMT can balance the acidity and ions in the uranium tailings; it also can reduce the toxicity of uranium ions on microorganisms. In addition, MMT filling in the gap between the uranium tailings made the cement body more stable. When the amount of MMT is 6%, the maximum strength of the cement body reached 2.18 MPa, which increased by 47.66% compared with that the sample without MMT. Therefore, it is reasonable and feasible to use the MMT to regulate the biocalcium carbonate cemented uranium tailings.