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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2017, Article ID 8568953, 11 pages
Research Article

Investigation of the Effects of Anisotropic Flow of Pore Water and Multilayered Soils on Three-Dimensional Consolidation Characteristics

Department of Civil Engineering, NIT Agartala, Jirania, India

Correspondence should be addressed to Arpan Laskar; ni.oc.oohay@8k2napra

Received 25 November 2016; Revised 10 February 2017; Accepted 22 February 2017; Published 9 March 2017

Academic Editor: Giorgio Pia

Copyright © 2017 Arpan Laskar and Sujit Kumar Pal. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Many practical engineering problems are seriously different from the assumptions which are considered for one-dimensional consolidation test and need to concentrate on three-dimensional consolidation of soil under different boundary conditions. In this study three-dimensional consolidation tests are performed with four different anisotropic flow conditions of pore water and fifteen different combinations of horizontal layered soils. Twelve different three-dimensional consolidation tests are also performed with different soils, surrounded by anisotropic vertical soil layers on two opposite sides. From these studies, it is observed that the anisotropic flow of pore water does not have any effect on initial and final surface settlement of soil but has a significant effect during the consolidation process. The anisotropic flow of pore water during the consolidation process has an immense effect on the coefficient of consolidation. Horizontal layered soil has a great effect on both surface settlement and the rate of settlement. Vertical soil layers on two opposite sides of consolidative soil have an immense effect on the horizontal movements of consolidating soil, finally affecting the resultant vertical settlement of soil. Vertical anisotropic surrounding soil layers also have an effect on the rate of consolidation settlement.