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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2017, Article ID 9454982, 14 pages
Research Article

Comparative Study of Strength and Corrosion Resistant Properties of Plain and Blended Cement Concrete Types

1Department of Architectural Engineering, Hanyang University, 1271 Sa 3-dong, Sangrok-gu, Ansan 426791, Republic of Korea
2Corrosion and Materials Protection Division, CSIR-Central Electrochemical Research Institute, Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu 630003, India
3PG and Research Department of Chemistry, Alagappa Government Arts College, Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu 630003, India
4Department of Civil Engineering, Hannam University, Daejeon 306-791, Republic of Korea

Correspondence should be addressed to Seung-Jun Kwon;

Received 29 May 2017; Accepted 31 July 2017; Published 4 October 2017

Academic Editor: Michael J. Schütze

Copyright © 2017 Velu Saraswathy et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The relative performances of mechanical, permeability, and corrosion resistance properties of different concrete types were compared. Concrete types were made from ordinary Portland cement (OPC), Portland pozzolana cement (PPC), and Portland slag cement (PSC). Compressive strength test, effective porosity test, coefficient of water absorption, short-term accelerated impressed voltage test, and rapid chloride permeability test (RCPT) were conducted on M30 and M40 grades of concrete designed with OPC, PPC, and PSC cements for 28- and 90-day cured concrete types. Long-term studies such as microcell and electrochemical evaluation were carried out to understand the corrosion behaviour of rebar embedded in different concrete types. Better corrosion resistant properties were observed for PSC concrete by showing a minimum current flow, lowest free chloride contents, and lesser porosity. Besides, PSC concrete has shown less coefficient of water absorption, chloride diffusion coefficient (CDC), and lower corrosion rate and thereby the time taken for initiation of crack extended.