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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2018 (2018), Article ID 5271324, 15 pages
Research Article

Evaluation of Carbonation Effects on Cement-Solidified Contaminated Soil Used in Road Subgrade

1Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education for Geomechanics and Embankment Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
2Geotechnical Research Institute, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
3Institute of Geotechnical Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing 210009, China
4School of Rail Transportation, Soochow University, Suzhou 215131, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Qiang Tang

Received 8 October 2017; Accepted 7 December 2017; Published 4 February 2018

Academic Editor: Estokova Adriana

Copyright © 2018 Yundong Zhou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Cement solidification/stabilization is widely used towards contaminated soil since it has a low price and significant improvement for the structural capacity of soil. To increase the usage of the solidified matrix, cement-solidified contaminated soil was used as road subgrade material. In this study, carbonation effect that reflected the durability on strength characteristics of cement-solidified contaminated soil and the settlement of pavement were evaluated through experimental and numerical analysis, respectively. According to results, compressive strengths of specimens with 1% Pb(II) under carbonation and standard curing range from 0.44 MPa to 1.17 MPa and 0.14 MPa to 2.67 MPa, respectively. The relatively low strengths were attributed to immobilization of heavy metal, which consumed part of SiO2, Al2O3, and CaO components in the cement or kaolin and reduced the hydration and pozzolanic reaction materials. This phenomenon further decreased the strength of solidified soils. The carbonation depth of 1% Cu(II) or Zn(II) contaminated soils was 18 mm, which significantly increased with the increase of curing time and contamination concentration. Furthermore, the finite element calculation results showed that surface settlements decreased with the increase of modulus of subgrade and the distance away from the center. At the center, the pavement settlement was proportional to the level of traffic load.