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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2018, Article ID 5362397, 10 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/5362397
Research Article

Mechanical Behavior of Asphalt Mastics Produced Using Waste Stone Sawdust

1Department of Civil Engineering, Jordan University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 3030, Irbid 22110, Jordan
2Skills Co. for Engineering Services, Al-Khaleel, West Bank, State of Palestine

Correspondence should be addressed to Ghazi G. Al-Khateeb; oj.ude.tsuj@beetahklagg

Received 31 December 2017; Revised 11 March 2018; Accepted 2 May 2018; Published 27 June 2018

Academic Editor: Ana S. Guimarães

Copyright © 2018 Ghazi G. Al-Khateeb et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study intended to evaluate the use of waste stone sawdust filler with asphalt binders and compare the mechanical properties of the waste filler-asphalt mastic with those of the asphalt mastic produced using the typical limestone filler. The mastics were prepared at four filler-to-asphalt ratios by volume of asphalt binder: 0.05, 0.10, 0.20, and 0.30. A dynamic shear rheometer (DSR) strain-controlled frequency sweep test was used to evaluate the properties of the control asphalt binder and the mastics. The test used a constant strain of 10% and loading frequencies of 10, 5.6, 3.1, 1.78, 1.0, 0.56, 0.31, 0.178, and 0.1 Hz and was conducted at wide range of temperatures: 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, and 70°C. The test measured the complex shear modulus () value and the phase angle for the binder and the mastics. The findings of this study showed that the stone sawdust filler demonstrated higher resistance to fatigue and rutting behavior than the limestone filler. However, the elastic behavior of the two asphalt mastics was nearly similar and increased with the increase in volume ratio. It was also found that the best-fit model described the relationship between the volume ratio and each of and , and the mastic-to-binder modulus ratio was the exponential model with high coefficient of determination (). The differences in the value between the limestone filler and the stone sawdust filler were relatively insignificant particularly at low loading frequencies and high temperatures. Finally, the mastic-to-binder modulus ratio decreased with the increase in loading frequency.