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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2018 (2018), Article ID 6294824, 10 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/6294824
Research Article

Multiobjective Optimization Design and Experimental Study of Desulfurization Dust Removal Centrifugal Pump Based on Immune Particle Swarm Algorithm

College of Mechanical and Electronic Engineering, Chaohu University, Chaohu, Anhui 238000, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Yuqin Wang; moc.621@lllqyw

Received 13 December 2017; Accepted 21 January 2018; Published 21 March 2018

Academic Editor: Fernando Lusquiños

Copyright © 2018 Yuqin Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In view of the problems of low efficiency, poor anticavitation performance, and curve hump for current centrifugal pump in the process of desulfurization and dust removal, the desulfurization dust removal centrifugal pump was designed. The velocity coefficient method was used for hydraulic design of centrifugal pump, and the three-dimensional modeling and numerical simulation of flow field of centrifugal pump were carried out by using computational fluid dynamics technology (CFD). The optimal mathematical model with the highest efficiency and the lowest pump net positive suction head as the objective function was established under the condition of no curve hump. The immune particle swarm optimization algorithm was used to optimize the multiobjective function, and the optimal combination of the main parameters was obtained. The simulation results showed that, compared with the traditional centrifugal pump, the performance of the optimized centrifugal pump had been greatly improved, which eliminated the phenomenon of curve hump. Based on IH model chemical pump to build a prototype test platform, the experimental results of the external characteristics of the prototype pump and the optimization pump under different working conditions were obtained. At the rated flow rate, the optimization pump efficiency was increased by 13.30%, the head was increased by 11.52%, and was decreased by 10.14%. The experimental results showed that the optimized indexes met the design requirements and improved the performance of centrifugal pump. At the same time, the accuracy of the immune particle swarm control method was verified, which provided some reference for the design of desulfurization dust removal centrifugal pump.