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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2018, Article ID 6514785, 7 pages
Research Article

Investigation of the Effects of Marble Material Properties on the Surface Quality

1Mining Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Dicle University, Diyarbakır, Turkey
2Mining Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Çukurova University, Adana, Turkey

Correspondence should be addressed to Sümeyra Cevheroğlu Çıra; rt.ude.elcid@aryemus

Received 12 September 2017; Accepted 12 November 2017; Published 28 January 2018

Academic Editor: Robert Cerný

Copyright © 2018 Sumeyra Cevheroğlu Çıra et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This study aims to investigate the effects of material properties of marble on surface roughness and glossiness. For this purpose, four types of limestones were investigated. Physicomechanical properties of samples were determined through laboratory measurements. Mineralogical and petrographical characterizations were made using thin-section analysis. X-ray fluorescence (XRF) semiquantitative method was used for chemical analysis. Six different grinding-polishing tests for each marble unit were done under fixed operational conditions using the same abrasive series. Relationship between the material properties and the surface quality was investigated. Although the polishing-grinding tests were conducted under the same operational conditions, different levels of roughness and glossiness were observed on different samples. Data obtained from the study proved that the main cause of this difference is textural and chemical composition variations of the marble specimen. Moreover, statistical evaluations showed that porosity, uniaxial compressive strength, and indirect tensile strength have strong effects on the surface roughness and glossiness of the marble specimen. The presence of an inverse relationship between the glossiness and roughness levels was determined as the result of this study as well.