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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2018, Article ID 8904234, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/8904234
Research Article

Experimental Study of the Ultrasonic Vibration-Assisted Abrasive Waterjet Micromachining the Quartz Glass

School of Mechanical Engineering, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255000, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Rongguo Hou; moc.361@212ouggnoruoh

Received 29 June 2017; Revised 15 November 2017; Accepted 3 December 2017; Published 5 February 2018

Academic Editor: Fernando Lusquiños

Copyright © 2018 Rongguo Hou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The ultrasonic vibration is used to enhance the capability of the abrasive water micromachining glass. And, the ultrasonic vibration is activated on the abrasive waterjet nozzle. The quality of the flow is improved, and the velocity of the abrasive is increased because of the addition of the ultrasonic energy. The relevant experimental results indicate that the erosion depth and the material volume removal of the glass are obviously increased when ultrasonic vibration is working. As for the influence of process parameters on the material removal of the glass such as vibration amplitude, system pressure, distance of the standoff, and abrasive size, the experimental results indicate that the system pressure and vibration contribute greatly to the glass material removal. Also, the erosion depth and the volume of material removal are increased with the increase in the vibration amplitude and system pressure. There are some uplifts found at the edge of erosion pit. Then, it can be inferred that the plastic method is an important material removal method during the machining process of ultrasonic vibration-assisted abrasive waterjet.