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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2018, Article ID 9368787, 12 pages
Research Article

Physical and Mechanical Properties of Cemented Ash-Based Lightweight Building Materials with and without Pumice

1Department of Environmental Engineering, Niğde Ömer Halisdemir University, 51240 Niğde, Turkey
2ÇİMSA Cement Industry and Trade Inc. Co. Niğde Plant, Hacı Sabancı Avenue, Niğde, Turkey
3Department of Civil Engineering, Niğde Ömer Halisdemir University, 51240 Niğde, Turkey

Correspondence should be addressed to Neslihan Doğan-Sağlamtimur; moc.liamg@rumitmalgasnagodnahilsen

Received 8 November 2017; Revised 15 February 2018; Accepted 26 February 2018; Published 2 April 2018

Academic Editor: Cristina Leonelli

Copyright © 2018 Neslihan Doğan-Sağlamtimur et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Pumice, cements (CEM I- and CEM II-type), waste fly and bottom ashes (IFA, GBA, and BBA) supplied from international companies were used to produce lightweight building materials, and physical-mechanical properties of these materials were determined. Axial compressive strength (ACS) values were found above the standards of 4 and 8 MPa (Bims Concrete (BC) 40 and 80 kgf/cm2 class) for cemented (CEM I) pumice-based samples. On the contrary, the ACS values of the pumice-based cemented (CEM II) samples could not be reached to these standards. Best ACS results (compatible with BC80) from these cemented lightweight material samples produced with the ashes were found in 50% mixing ratio as 10.6, 13.2, and 20.5 MPa for BBA + CEM I, GBA + CEM II, and IFA + CEM I, respectively, and produced with pumice were found as 8.4 MPa (same value) for GBA + pumice + CEM II (in 25% mixing ratio), BBA + pumice + CEM I (in 100% mixing ratio), and pumice + IFA + CEM I (in 100% mixing ratio), respectively. According to the results, cemented ash-based lightweight building material produced with and without pumice could widely be used for constructive purposes. As a result of this study, an important input to the ecosystem has been provided using waste ashes, whose storage constitutes a problem.